|Types of Female Genital Cutting and Male Genital Cutting|
We have previously looked at the similar attitudes and misconceptions around the globe surrounding female genital cutting (FGC) and male genital cutting (MGC).
We have taken a visual glance at the basic human response to genital cutting by little ones who are forced to endure the assault of FGC or MGC.
We have listened to the culture-imposed myths surrounding FGC in Africa and hear how similar they are to the culture-imposed myths surrounding MGC in the United States.
We have reviewed a very brief history of female genital cutting in the United States - a procedure recommended by renowned medical journals through the 1960s, and one which was only recently banned under federal law on March 30, 1997.
We have examined this federal ban on any and all forms of FGM (female genital mutilation), as well as the proposed MGM (male genital mutilation) Bill, which calls for males to have the same basic protection under federal law as females currently have in the United States.
We have recognized that the federal female genital cutting laws, in combination with the 14th Amendment to the Constitution, render the unnecessary genital cutting of minor male babies and children illegal as well. Boys born after March 30, 1997, will have an easier time suing and winning against those who cut or amputated parts of their genitals when they were minors and unable to defend themselves. Beginning on March 30th, 2015, these boys will turn 18 years of age (legal adults able to press charges in the U.S. court system), and have attorneys specializing in human rights ready and willing to support them, should they elect to take legal action in what was done to them.
Section 1 of the Constitutional Amendment XIV reads (bold mine):
All persons born or naturalized in the United States, and subject to the jurisdiction thereof, are citizens of the United States and of the State wherein they reside. No State shall make or enforce any law which shall abridge the privileges or immunities of citizens of the United States; nor shall any State deprive any person of life, liberty, or property, without due process of law; nor deny to any person within its jurisdiction the equal protection of the laws.
The Universal Declaration of Human Rights, adopted in December, 1948, by members of the United Nations declares in Articles 2 and 5:
Everyone is entitled to all the rights and freedoms set forth in this Declaration, without distinction of any kind, such as race, colour, sex, language, religion, political or other opinion, national or social origin, property, birth or other status. Furthermore, no distinction shall be made on the basis of the political, jurisdictional or international status of the country or territory to which a person belongs, whether it be independent, trust, non-self-governing or under any other limitation of sovereignty.
No one shall be subjected to torture or to cruel, inhuman, or degrading treatment or punishment.
In this video, Freedom of Speech discusses the various forms of FGC and MGC, and highlights the fact that sex-based discrimination under law, or in argument, is both futile and illogical.
|Female Genital Cutting Examples|
|Most common forms of FGM and MGG|
The most common forms of female and male genital cutting.
|Male and Female Genital Cutting|
This is disgraceful in a nation like the U.S., dealing with this in other countries is complicated and much needed, but what about our own backyard? We are struggling to get people (and government) to open their eyes to what is just simple common sense. So ridiculous.ReplyDelete
Thank you very much, DRMOMMA, your power gives me hope for a better future for our children and their children. Your work is so important.ReplyDelete
Another (?) topic:
Royal Courts of Justice
Date: 14 January 2015
In the matter of B and G (Children) (No 2)
Germany (Ringel / Meyer; Tatjana Hörnle), bad enough, and unfortunately now even Great Britain are paving the way towards the so called “mild Sunnah” type, towards a legal FGM. We should stop this, any form of FGM or MGM should be banned everywhere.
Judge Sir James Munby can know that the circumcision of girls is religion, part of several hadith and many fatwa. The Fiqh (Islamic Jurisprudence) of Shafii madhhab and many Ulama of Hanbali madhhab regard FGM as wajib, i. e. as a religious duty. So khitan al-inath (sunat perempuan; FGM) is part of authentic Islam.
Muhammad said to the muqaṭṭiʿa al-buẓūr (cutter of clitorises) Umm ‘Aṭiyya:
أشمِّي ولا تنهكي
ašimmī wa-lā tanhakī
[Cut] slightly and do not overdo it
اختفضن ولا تنهكن
iḫtafiḍna wa-lā tanhikna
Cut [slightly] without exaggeration
Today several Muslim clerics promote a “mild sunnah” circumcision, who tells Judge Munby f. e. abot this fatwa. What is the Ruling on Circumcision for Women?
Circumcision is obligatory upon men and women according to us (i.e. the Shafi’is). (Majmu’ of Imam An-Nawawi 1:164) The circumcision is wajib upon men and women according to the rājih qawl of Shāfi’ī madhhab. Answered by: Sidi Abdullah Muḥammad al-Marbūqī al-Shāfi’ī. Checked by: Al-Ustāż Fauzi ibn Abd Rahman
And again: any form of FGM or MGM should be banned everywhere.
s o u r c e s
A Cutting Tradition. By SARA CORBETT. The New York Times. Published: January 20, 2008
Inside a Female-Circumcision Ceremony. Photo: Stephanie Sinclair