Thursday, January 08, 2015

19 Year Study Finds Autism Higher Among Boys Who Were Circumcised as Infants



A new study has found that regardless of cultural background, circumcised boys are more likely than intact boys to develop autism spectrum disorder before the age of 10 years, with an especially higher risk factor for developing autism before the age of five. The same study (unexpectedly) found that circumcised boys from non-Muslim families are also more likely to develop hyperkinetic disorder (hyperactivity, ADHD and neurological disturbances).

Researchers hypothesize that the extreme pain of genital cutting an infant endures during (and following) circumcision may impact the brain and the way that the body responds to stress. Previous observations have suggested PTSD (post-traumatic stress disorder) is widespread among infants circumcised at birth (with higher rates of 'colic' and reflux, failure to thrive, increased difficulty breastfeeding, agitation, fussiness, withdrawal) and that the brain is permanently impacted.

Abstract 

Objective: Based on converging observations in animal, clinical and ecological studies, we hypothesised a possible impact of ritual circumcision on the subsequent risk of autism spectrum disorder (ASD) in young boys.

Design: National, register-based cohort study.

Setting: Denmark.

Participants: A total of 342,877 boys born between 1994 and 2003 and followed in the age span 0–9 years between 1994 and 2013. Main outcome measures: Information about cohort mem- bers’ ritual circumcisions, confounders and ASD outcomes, as well as two supplementary outcomes, hyperkinetic dis- order and asthma, was obtained from national registers. Hazard ratios (HRs) with 95% confidence intervals (CIs) associated with foreskin status were obtained using Cox proportional hazards regression analyses.

Results: With a total of 4986 ASD cases, our study showed that regardless of cultural background circumcised boys were more likely than intact boys to develop ASD before age 10 years (HR 1⁄4 1.46; 95% CI: 1.11–1.93). Risk was par- ticularly high for infantile autism before age five years (HR 1⁄4 2.06; 95% CI: 1.36–3.13). Circumcised boys in non- Muslim families were also more likely to develop hyperkin- etic disorder (HR 1⁄4 1.81; 95% CI: 1.11–2.96). Associations with asthma were consistently inconspicuous (HR1⁄40.96; 95% CI: 0.84–1.10).

Conclusions: We confirmed our hypothesis that boys who undergo ritual circumcision may run a greater risk of developing ASD. This finding, and the unexpected observa- tion of an increased risk of hyperactivity disorder among circumcised boys in non-Muslim families, need attention, particularly because data limitations most likely rendered our HR estimates conservative. Considering the wide- spread practice of non-therapeutic circumcision in infancy and childhood around the world, confirmatory studies should be given priority.

Full Text: http://jrs.sagepub.com/content/early/2015/01/07/0141076814565942.full.pdf

News Reports:

American Association for the Advancement of Science: http://www.eurekalert.org/pub_releases/2015-01/sp-rcl010815.php

Science 2.0 (global): http://www.science20.com/news_articles/circumcision_linked_to_autism_study-152121

NeuroScientist News (global): http://www.neuroscientistnews.com/research-news/ritual-circumcision-linked-increased-risk-autism-young-boys

Inquisitr: http://www.inquisitr.com/1739905/circumcision-and-autism-linked-circumcised-boys-at-greater-risk-of-developing-autism-and-adhd-new-study-reveals/

Huffington Post (UK): http://www.huffingtonpost.co.uk/2015/01/09/circumcision-under-five-autism-study_n_6441844.html

DailyMail (UK) autism and circumcision news report: http://www.dailymail.co.uk/health/article-2902214/Circumcised-boys-likely-develop-autism-ADHD-10.html

Yahoo News (UK & Ireland) autism and circumcision report: https://uk.news.yahoo.com/circumcision-doubles-autism-risk-000507196.html

Mirror (UK) autism and circumcision news report: http://www.mirror.co.uk/news/uk-news/circumcision-young-boys-can-double-4945643

Metro Times (Detroit, MI): http://www.metrotimes.com/Blogs/archives/2015/01/09/new-study-links-male-circumcison-to-autism



New to the subject of circumcision and the purposes of the prepuce? Begin an investigation into the subject: http://www.drmomma.org/2014/12/should-i-circumcise-my-son-pros-and.html

~~~~

Monday, December 22, 2014

Christmas(❤)Milk



Jennifer's 9 month old son, Casey, Christmas Eve Morning ~ Nursing and taking a nap 

Throughout the Christmas celebrations occurring around the world, little ones are indulging in one of the very best gifts their mommas can give them - milk! In celebration, many have sent in their photos of babes grabbing a snack on Christmas. Unfortunately, oodles have already been removed due to lactiphobic flaggers from the Christmas (❤) Milk album on Facebook, so we'll treasure them here as well. You all have splendidly beautiful "Santa Babies!"

To add your photo to the collection, email to DrMomma.org@gmail.com, upload to the peaceful parenting wall on Facebook, or share to The Breastfeeding Group: www.FB.com/groups/Breastfed with a note that it is for the gallery. [This gallery began in 2008 and is being 'bumped' once each year in December for continued celebration at DrMomma.org. We welcome your additions.]



Bree's Santa Baby enjoying some of the really good stuff this Christmas! ♥


 Kristin writes, "Merry Christmas to all you breastfeeding mommies across the globe, from my 1 week old son ♥"


Bailey's 3 month old son, Dylan, is having his Christmas Eve Lunch ♥


 Emily's Little Santa, Danika, 17 months this Christmas Day ♥



Chelsea nurses her two-year-old to sleep, Christmas Eve ♥


Amy's 3 month old, Lilah, having her Chanukah Milkies ♥


Natalie's 3 month old son, Jonathan Karol, enjoying his Christmas morning milks. Natalie writes, "This picture is even more precious to me because Jonathan was released from the hospital just 2 days before Christmas. He'd spent several days in the PICU due to sudden bouts of seizures that left him non-responsive. Thanks be to God, after dozens of painful tests and 2 full days of not being allowed to nurse, the cause - a small cyst in his brain - was determined, and we were allowed to return home. Thanks to his anti-seizure meds - and LOTS of mommy's milk - he's back to his smiley, laughing, playful self...the best Christmas gift EVER!" 


Dana's 11.5 month old son, Nicholai Luccas, eating his momma milk on Christmas Eve. 


Annie's 14 month old nurses on Christmas Eve ♥


♥ Niki's BabyClaus #2 who she says is "taking a sip of the pure, and wishing everyone a Silent Night (for those with children over 3 anyway..." ;) 


 
Emilee's Santa Baby, Noah, 11 months ♥


 Lindsay's 13 month old, Myiah, peacefully nursing amongst the chaos ♥


 Meredith's little one enjoys some Christmas Milk at 19 days old ♥


 A little Christmas snack. Christina's son, almost 5 months old. ♥


 
Rebekah's 3 day old newborn, Eisley, enjoying her milk as she takes her first bath! ♥


"Opening all those gifts will make anyone sleepy...and a little warm Mommy Milk will make it all better. Zachary's first Christmas! 6 weeks old." 
From his mom, Melody. ♥


Christine's Tiny Santa ♥


Peppermint Breastmilk?!
Kathleen's daughter, Amelia, on Christmas. ♥


Jodi's 7 month old, Olivia, 7 nursing Christmas Morning. ♥


Christmas morning yummies for Rachel's 14.5 month old. ♥


Sharon's milk drunk Christmas boy with his new Sophie Giraffe. 5 weeks old. ♥ 


Alena's daughter has a snack in the car while Christmas shopping ♥


Lynn's son Liam is just one day shy of 11 months old in this Christmas photo. ♥


Niki's "MiniClaus" grabs a bite of something sweet. 


 
Meredith says, "My husband insisted I upload this one, he says it's better than the other one I uploaded." 
Talbot's 1st Christmas at 19 days old. ♥


Jen's Baby Celso (3.5 months old) and his Christmas snack. ♥


Daria's little one gets the best gift there is! ♥


Has anyone else been attacked under the Christmas tree?! 
Danelle has ~ by a hungry 16 month old! ♥


 Cynthia's son, Ethan, enjoying mama's milk on his first Christmas (3.5 months old) ♥


 
Margrét's 11 month old, Bríet Alda (11.8kg) enjoying her Christmas Dinner. ♥


"The Bean and I" ~Karla on Christmas morning ♥


 "Babies need milk breaks while opening presents on their first Christmas. 
Mama's milk, the best gift I gave him this year! ♥ Nearly 5 month old Jack" ~Trisha


 
Jacki's little one takes a Christmas Eve snooze... ♥


Looks like a beautiful Christmas full of love and gentle mothering at Nikki's house. ♥


Moxie wishes all the breastfeeding mamas of the world a Merry Christmas ♥


Georgina's little reindeer grabbing a snack ♥


"My darling daughter Yoshabelle enjoying her Christmas Milk." ~Moxie ♥


"Christmas Milk" from Jessica and her little one ♥


"Taking a break from the morning hustle and bustle to snuggle for some Christmas Milk on Trevor's first Christmas! 
(he's almost 8 months)" ~from his mom, Dorothy


Alex says, "Christmas fun wore us out, but daddy did get us some AWESOME activist apparel!! :)" ♥


 Cheri says, "I started to get a little blue seeing all of the Christmas breastfeeding pics. I SO wish I could include one of my Sam and I...then I realized...heck! I breastfed on Christmas too! It may be through an NG tube into his duodenum but Christmas marked day 150ish of pumping for Sam...so, here's our pic :) Someday soon I hope to finally try and feed him naturally! For now! Merry Christmas From Sam and me." ♥ Learn more about Sam's story at "Sam I Am"


Alicia's "Christmas Nursling," Tessa, 20 months ♥


Nichole's 13 month old "Christmas Nurser" Maggie ♥


Cathy's son, Jacob (12 months), having his Christmas lunch. ♥


 Nela nurses her 15 month old, Ana, in a busy mall in Hong Kong on the second day of Christmas ♥


 Kristie's 11 month old son getting himself some Christmas Milk ♥



Erin's 14 month old, Marley, playing peek-a-boob in her new Christmas sweater ♥


 Karah's 17 month old, Fiona, getting her "Christmas Eve milkies"


Rochelle's 12 week old, Elliot, enjoying his Christmas morning while his sisters open his gifts and theirs. ♥


 Tricia's 14.5 month old, Aliya, getting a snack after unwrapping her gifts ♥


 Tasha's 11-day-old, Arik, enjoying his Christmas turkey dinner


Lana says, "What I love most about this photo is that I am feeding my son on the couch, with all of the family right there in the same room, amidst all the holiday celebrating ~ the way it should be! Just normal and natural. We shouldn't have to be sequestered in some other room, away from everyone, just because Luke needs to eat. And no, my family is not 'crunchy'!"


 Natalie's "little lush" in her Christmas jammies


 Alisha's little one having some Christmas Milk


Farrah's son, Avery, nursing on Christmas Day   


 Jennifer's son, 1 year old, grabs a Christmas time snack during the birthday party for his older sister


Marissa's little santa eating his milk & cookies


Kira's 12 month old grabs some Christmas morning milk with his buddy, Baba, 
who he has his momma 'nurse' sometimes too.


Petra's 19 month old twin son, Jacob, being comforted during the Christmas Eve dinner. 
Petra did not realize he would later be up ill all night while his brother slept peacefully... ♥




Angela's 8 month old lil Santa, Zachary, enjoys his Christmas Milk. 



Amber and her kiddos made this nursing snow momma and her babe while outside playing today.


 Allie's beautiful two month old son, Wyatt, gets his Christmas Milk


Elysia's son, Jeremiah (2 yrs), has some milk with his cookie! 


Santa Baby gets his milk too! Cartoon by Dan Reynolds


For helpful breastfeeding books, websites and articles see the Breastfeeding Resources Page.


~~~~

LinkWithin

Related Posts with Thumbnails