Castor Oil Induction

By Anu Morgan and Danelle Day © 2018



Those last few weeks of pregnancy can be tough at times, especially with round ligament pain, difficulty breathing, pressure from family, friends and pushy practitioners, and so much more. At this time many women are tempted to get labor started on their own, as fast as we can, and look to any method that may allow us to meet our little ones sooner. Looking into 'natural induction methods,' castor oil is among one of the most commonly mentioned. However, this does not mean that it is safe, or without risk for both mom and baby.


Castor oil is a vegetable oil that comes from the castor plant and is best known as a laxative. As it enters the body, castor oil increases small intestinal secretions that stimulate the bowels, often causing intense diarrhea. Diarrhea results from the increase in prostaglandins from castor oil intake, that forces the small intestines to contract unnaturally. Extreme diarrhea is notorious for leading to dehydration, and in the case of a pregnant mother, dehydration can cause labor to occur when baby is not yet ready for the outside world -- leading to a host of other complications with baby's lungs, immune system, and increasing NICU stay needs.

Not only does excess diarrhea and intestinal contractions lead to dehydration for expecting mothers, but castor oil itself also decreases the body’s glucose absorption. This means that when a pregnant mother needs nourishment more than ever, her body is not able to absorb all the nutrients that she takes in, further complicating dehydration and electrolyte imbalance.

The second side effect of castor oil that many are not informed of is that just as it causes contractions of the small intestines to be irregular and unnatural, castor oil similarly impacts the uterus -- causing contractions of the uterus to be more intense, irregular, and unnatural for both mom and her baby. Coupled with dehydration, this leaves a birthing mother drained of energy when she needs it most - to birth her baby, and does not give her a normally functioning uterus in top capacity spurred only by natural birth hormones.

A third risk factor of castor oil is that just as it causes intestinal contractions for mom, so it can with baby. This means that there is a much greater chance baby will pass meconium while inside the uterus, which can lead to fetal distress, or even death. A study published in the Journal of Biology, Agriculture and Healthcare in 2014 stated that 18% of the women who took castor oil had meconium stained waters, verses only 6% of women who did not ingest castor oil. APGAR scores of all newborn babies induced through castor oil were also impacted negatively and significantly.


While it can be hard to wait for our little one to get here, take heart in knowing that baby has a lot to gain from growing inside those last few weeks and days. Normal human gestation periods range from 38 to 43 weeks, with 42 being the most common for first time mothers, and some women birthing naturally into their 43rd and 44th weeks. At 40+ weeks a mother is not overdue. Lung development is critical during these final weeks. Just as we see in animal husbandry and veterinary science, each extra day that a mammal grows on the inside results in a stronger, smarter, more healthy baby, and so it is true for humans. In fact, research suggests that it is a lung protein that is released by baby that tells mom's body baby is ready for the outside world, and labor begins. In the absence of other health complications (including dehydration, malnourishment, drug use, extreme stress, abuse, etc.) mothers birth their babies when they are truly ready to arrive earthside, and this is a good thing!

Veteran midwife and contributing editor of Midwifery Today, Gloria LeMay, writes:
On the subject of all the women in a hurry to get their babies born: I was 3 weeks ‘overdue’ with my oldest daughter. What really helped me was when I had lunch with a friend at about 8 months pregnancy. Her son had been born 6 months before. When she saw me walk into the restaurant, all hugely pregnant, she said, "Oh, Gloria, when I see you I miss my pregnancy so much." I knew that one day I’d be saying that too, so I made up my mind to enjoy it as long as possible, and I’m so glad I did! Six months from now you’ll be wondering what the rush was.

One final note begs attention here and that is the myth of the "aging placenta." This misconception is pushed upon mothers who reach 41+ weeks gestation, and it is completely bogus: your placenta will not all of a sudden stop working.  This myth is not based in science, and is used to coerce and push artificial labor induction and c-sections upon women in a broken birth world that does not trust birth, or the woman and baby whose bodies know just what to do when left alone. In a fantastic review of research on the "Aging of the Placenta" published in the British Medical Journal, authors conclude:
A review of the available evidence indicates that the placenta does not undergo a true aging change during pregnancy. There is, in fact, no logical reason for believing that the placenta, which is a fetal organ, should age while the other fetal organs do not: the situation in which an individual organ ages within an organism that is not aged is one which does not occur in any biological system. The persisting belief in placental aging has been based on a confusion between morphological maturation and differentiation and aging, a failure to appreciate the functional resources of the organ, and an uncritical acceptance of the overly facile concept of “placental insufficiency” as a cause of increased perinatal mortality.
Relish in your little one's movements on the inside. Savor these last weeks talking, singing, walking, dancing with your baby snuggled safe within. Take photos. Take videos. Take long, soothing baths. And know that your baby will be born in his or her own perfect time. ♥


Related Reading

Fetal Lungs Protein Release Triggers Labor to Begin: DrMomma.org/2008/01/fetal-lungs-protein-release-triggers.html

Castor Oil Safety and Effectiveness on Labor Induction and Neonatal Outcome:  https://www.researchgate.net/profile/Sahar_Abd_El-Gawad/publication/261437700_Castor_Oil_Safety_and_Effectiveness_on_Labour_Induction_and_Neonatal_Outcome/links/02e7e5344483cbda3f000000.pdf

Castor Oil Inductions - Gloria LeMay: http://wisewomanwayofbirth.com/castor-oil-inductions

The Thinking Woman's Guide to a Better Birth: https://amzn.to/2sRC1s5

Born in the USA: How a Broken Maternity System Must Be Fixed to Put Women and Children First (Dr. Marsden Wagner): https://amzn.to/2LLyOS6

Birth Reborn: What Childbirth Should Be (Dr. Michel Odent): https://amzn.to/2LGgoSC

Birth and Breastfeeding: Rediscovering the Needs of Women During Pregnancy and Childbirth (Dr. Michel Odent): https://amzn.to/2JL0by9

Length of human pregnancy and contributors to its natural variation: https://academic.oup.com/humrep/article/28/10/2848/620772

Length of human pregnancies can vary naturally by as much as five weeks: https://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2013/08/130806203327.htm

Pregnant Pause: My Baby's Not 'Overdue': DrMomma.org/2014/02/pregnant-pause-my-babys-not-overdue.html

Fox H Aging of the placenta Archives of Disease in Childhood - Fetal and Neonatal Edition 1997;77:F171-F175.

Why Pregnancy Due Dates are Inaccurate: DrMomma.org/2009/09/why-pregnancy-due-dates-are-inaccurate.html

The Lie of the Estimated Due Date (EDD): DrMomma.org/2009/06/lie-of-estimated-due-date-edd-why-your.html

No Induction is 'Normal': DrMomma.org/2010/06/no-induction-is-normal.html

Trusting Birth: 43 Weeks of Faith: DrMomma.org/2013/09/trusting-birth-43-weeks-of-faith.html

Pregnant Moms Due [this year] Group: FB.com/groups/DueDateGroup (more mainstream)

Birthing Group: FB.com/groups/Birthing (more holistic)




Love Matters!

By Danelle Day © 2018


It is difficult to have an unbroken civilization when we begin breaking children at birth... when we lack compassion, empathy, and *involvement* in loving babies and children (responding readily to their cues and needs), supporting mothering (or gentle/conscious parenting in general). When we raise detached, isolated, anxious, lonely babies/children into detached, isolated, anxious, lonely adults, what do we expect to happen along the way?

Peacefully parenting all little ones (no matter their sex) from the very beginning can powerfully and positively break this destructive cycle that has become ubiquitous in the United States and is overflowing now with its disarray.

A gently parented child who has been loved intensely, and responded to without fail, who has been tuned-into, heard, and shown compassion, by a well-supported parent, from birth onward does not grow to kill.

#LoveMatters

Pick up your baby. Respond to their cues. Hold them. Wear them. Rock them. Keep them intact. Keep them close. Snuggle down at night safely beside them. Show them that they can trust you, and trust this world around them. Show them what love feels like, so they won’t need to doubt that it exists. This time is short and fleeting, but impacts a *lifetime* to come.

If there are just two books that would do the world good for everyone to read, and put into practice, it would be these:

[and the many reasons that genital cutting at birth, neglect, leaving a baby to cry alone, not responding to cues, and general lack of affection forever hurts a baby, child, and adult]

[how gentle, conscious parenting of babies and children can break cycles of destruction and lead to healthy, happy adults of tomorrow]

Related Reading: 

Where are all the happy babies?
DrMomma.org/2011/09/where-are-all-happy-babies.html

Dr. David Chamberlain on Smiling Babies and Civilization
DrMomma.org/2013/02/dr-david-chamberlain-on-smiling-babies.html

Babies Know More Than You Think:
http://ttfuture.org/files/2/members/int_chamberlain.pdf

Peaceful Parenting: Giving Babies the Best Start in Life
DrMomma.org/2011/06/primal-parenting-giving-babies-best.html

Cosleeping and Biological Imperatives: Why Human Babies Do Not and Should Not Sleep Alone
DrMomma.org/2009/10/cosleeping-and-biological-imperatives.html

Primal Love and Mothering
DrMomma.org/2009/12/primal-love-mothering.html

Loveness in the Brokenness
DrMomma.org/2018/01/loveness-in-brokenness.html

Windows to the Womb: Revealing the Conscious Baby from Conception to Birth
http://amzn.to/2EAdC2h

Primal Health: Understanding the Critical Period Between Conception and the First Birthday
http://amzn.to/2F9SnRO

The Scientification of Love
http://amzn.to/2Ez43Rc

Peaceful Parenting Group
FB.com/groups/ExplorePeacefulParenting

Gentle Parenting Discussion Groups by Topic
DrMomma.org/2007/12/discussion-groups.html

Dr. David Chamberlain on Smiling Babies





Brick Dust - Urine Crystals in Baby's Diaper

By Danelle Day © 2008
Updated 2016




While they can appear alarming to first time parents, urine crystals - sometimes called 'brick dust' 'brick powder' or 'pink diaper syndrome' - are normal and common among newborn babies. These crystals typically appear as a reddish powder in the diapers, and often are mistaken for blood in the urine.

Brick dust can also appear to be orange, pink, brown, yellow, or any variation of these shades, and are especially common among breastfeeding babies receiving the immuno-packed power of colostrum in the early days.

Because newborn babies are only able to digest a very small amount at a time (due to the size of the newborn stomach), urine crystals are thought to form easily during this time from the concentrated colostrum consumed (with little other liquid in the mix until mom's milk comes in). This is normal and healthy for baby, but the low volume of colostrum will not typically produce otherwise common fluid, clear urine.


Once mom's milk has come in, urine should begin to appear clear, and without crystals. They will go away at this time - almost always by the second week of life. If brick dust still appears after your baby is 1 week old, or re-appears later in babyhood, it may mean your little one is dehydrated. To remedy this, increase nursing (if breastfeeding), or increase your baby's formula intake. Do not "water down" formula or add it to pumped milk. This is very dangerous as it throws off the electrolyte balance of baby's blood stream, and young babies have died from this form of "water poisoning." Increase nursing or formula (mixed per the instructions).

By the time your baby is 1 week old, s/he should urinate at least 6 times per day. Knowing how many times your little one pees may be difficult to identify with today's disposable diapers, but in general, you should need to change wet diapers around the clock.

If baby continues to have brick dust even after a baby's intake has increased, it may mean that there is a latch/suck issue. For breastfeeding babies, meeting with a skilled IBCLC who can weigh baby before and after nursing will tell a mother how much her baby is consuming, and whether s/he is getting all that is needed. Formula feeding parents should re-check the instructions to ensure they are feeding accordingly, and on cue around the clock, while contacting their pediatrician.

Two items that may appear as brick dust but are not include a small amount of vaginal bleeding among baby girls. This can occur because of hormone shifts between mother and baby around the time of birth, and is normal. A second thing that is sometimes mistaken for brick dust are small amounts of blood among boys who were cut (circumcised) at birth. The latter occurrence is not normal, and because a newborn baby only needs to lose 1 ounce to hemorrhage, and 2.3 ounces to die as a result of blood loss, if your son is not intact, it is important to pay close attention to his diapers following circumcision surgery.

Newborn Stomach Size
This chart highlights the reasons that babies need to eat so frequently in the first months of life, and also why a very small amount of colostrum is the perfect quantity for a baby in his/her first days of life. Brick dust is a normal occurrence as a result of this frequent consumption of very small amounts in the first 3-5 days of life. 

References 

Konar H. DC Dutta's Textbook of Obstetrics. JP Medical Ltd; 2014 Apr 30.

Lauwers, J. and Swisher, A. Counseling the Nursing Mother: A Lactation Consultant’s Guide, Sixth Edition. 2016.

Lawrence, Ruth A., MD, and Lawrence, Robert M., MD. Breastfeeding: A Guide For The Medical Profession Eighth Edition. Elsevier Health Sciences. 2015.

Nommsen-Rivers LA, Heinig MJ, Cohen RJ, and Dewey KG. Newborn wet and soiled diaper counts and timing of onset of lactation as indicators of breastfeeding inadequacy. Journal of Human Lactation. 2008 Feb;24(1):27-33.

Riordan, J. and Wambach, K. Breastfeeding and Human Lactation Fourth Edition. Jones and Bartlett Learning. 2014.

What is colostrum? How does it benefit my baby? La Leche League International: https://www.llli.org/faq/colostrum.html


Related Reading

Breastfeeding Made Simple: Seven Natural Laws for Nursing Mothers

Intact Care Resources
DrMomma.org/2009/06/how-to-care-for-intact-penis-protect.html

Your Baby's Signs of Hunger (or thirst)!
DrMomma.org/2013/01/your-babys-signs-of-hunger.html

Seven Breastfeeding Facts You Should Know
DrMomma.org/2010/09/7-breastfeeding-facts-you-should-know.html

Cloth Diapering After Circumcision
DrMomma.org/2016/04/cloth-diapering-your-baby-after.html

If you nurse your baby...
DrMomma.org/2009/12/if-you-nurse-your-baby.html

Breastfeeding Myths
DrMomma.org/2014/08/breastfeeding-myths.html

Should I circumcise? The pros and cons
SavingSons.org/2014/12/should-i-circumcise-pros-and-cons-of.html

Intact: Healthy, Happy, Whole Group
FB.com/groups/IntactHealthy

Saving Our Sons Group
FB.com/groups/SavingOurSons

Breastfeeding Group
FB.com/groups/Breastfed

Peaceful Parenting Group
FB.com/groups/ExplorePeacefulParenting

Newborn babies should be nursed whenever they show first signs of hunger (or thirst), such as increased alertness or activity, mouthing, fist sucking, or rooting. Crying is a late indicator of extreme hunger. Babies should be nursed on cue, or approximately 8 to 12 times every 24 hours until full. This same feeding-on-cue guideline applies to formula fed babies. 



The best teachers...

The best teachers have teeth marks on their tongues.
-Alfie Kohn

Don't sweat the small stuff. Alfie Kohn is the author of these helpful books, among others:

Unconditional Parenting: Moving from Rewards and Punishments to Love and Reason: https://amzn.to/2HnjlJY 

Beyond Discipline: From Compliance to Community: https://amzn.to/2qZGuHz 

Punished by Rewards: The Trouble with Gold Stars, Incentive Plans, A's, Praise, and Other Bribes: https://amzn.to/2JlqtmU 

The Myth of the Spoiled Child: Coddled Kids, Helicopter Parents, and Other Phony Crises: https://amzn.to/2r1U7Gi 

The Homework Myth: Why Our Kids Get Too Much of a Bad Thing: https://amzn.to/2HVNTQ0 


BabySaving Moms!


Are you a BabySaving Mom? Have a special BabySaver in your life? We're honoring and celebrating all the BABYSAVING MOMS this week with a tip of the hat - we see you! We see the fruit of your work! We see the powerful, positive tidal wave of change that comes forth from the #i2 ripples you start. THANK YOU for being a part of Saving Our Sons ~ for speaking up with compassion, and saving babies

To be added, drop a photo to Saving Our Sons on Facebook, email SavingSons@gmail.com or post/tag at SOS.

You are a HERO in this work! 

* Happy Mother's Day! * 

We will draw three moms via Random.org from among submissions to win a $10 gift card good toward any SOS educational and awareness raising materials at Etsy.

2018 BabySaving Moms

❤ Anu

❤ Elana

❤ Missy

❤ Michelle

❤ Brittany

❤ Amanda

❤ Brandi

❤ Kristi

❤ Danelle

❤ Rachael


New to this topic? Learn more about the functions of the foreskin (an organ all mammals on earth are born having), and the benefits of keeping all babies intact: Should I Circumcise? The Pros and Cons



*******


MamAmor Birthing, Breastfeeding, Babywearing Dolls on Ellen!


The fantastic MamAmor birthing, breastfeeding, babywearing dolls will be on Ellen DeGeneres' show May 10, 2018, for a special Mother's Day episode! 💜 We're excited for this exposure for Adriana's beautiful creations, as they spark joy in every family's home who brings one in.

Ellen Show details: https://www.ellentube.com/episode/ellens-mother-day-show-with-jennifer-garner-kym-douglas.html

Peaceful Parenting families shopping for a MamAmor doll of your own get an amazing discount (90CAD / 70USD off plus free shipping!) with code: PEACEFULPARENTING at check-out. You can personalize your own doll (choose her hair, eyes, skin, outfit, whether she is a breastfeeding, babywearing, birthing, VBAC mom, etc.). 😊 Details: https://www.mamamordolls.com/collections/personalize

MamAmor Dolls have been normalizing birth and breastfeeding since 2007!





When you're touched out... choose love




You will never be this loved again.

So on those days when you are feeling stressed out, touched out, and depleted, just remember that you will never be this loved again.

One day you will long for their affection. So choose a soft voice, choose gentle hands, choose love.

-Ashley Kagan, Play at Home Mom

Peaceful Parenting Group 




The most censored breastfeeding photo on Facebook


One of the most censored photos on Facebook displays a woman nursing her young baby. Titled "Holy Virgin" this photograph was taken by renowned Czech photographer, Sara Saudková, in 2003. This photo, along with many others Saudková shot in more recent years as part of an artistic protest against Facebook's removal of breastfeeding mother's photos, are rarely available for more than a day.


Fat Facts

Many people are convinced that fat is bad for you--in all forms, in every way, period. This is not fully the case, however. Fat does not necessarily make you fat. The fact is, we need fat to survive. This article will explore the good and bad parts of fat.

What is Fat?

The body produces some of the fat you need, which is made up of three molecules joined together, called triglycerides. In addition to these, there is fat that is necessary for a healthy life but cannot be made by the body. These are called essential fats, which are consumed through the food you eat.

Fat does a lot of important things for the body. It helps absorb fat-soluble vitamins. It keeps skin healthy. It cushions organs. It is a concentrated source of energy, lasting longer than carbohydrates. Omega 3 fats keep the heart healthy. Some fats can help lower cholesterol. And fat is responsible for helping us feel full after a meal. Food without fat leaves the consumer unsatisfied and hungry shortly thereafter. This is also because fat is what makes food tasty. How can something so good be so wrong? Let’s explore which types of fats should be present in the diet.

Avocados are known for their healthy fat content.

Good Fat vs. Bad Fat

Fats are not all bad for you. Here are descriptions of the main three fats found in food, and their effect on the body.


  • Unsaturated fats: Typically found in plant foods. There are two main types. Polyunsaturated, found in fish and nuts, also called Omega-3 fats. Monounsaturated found in olive oil, avocados, and almonds, also called Omega-6 fats. A diet that is high in unsaturated fats helps lower cholesterol and the risk for heart disease. 
  • Saturated: Typically found in animal foods and byproducts. Usually solid at room temperature. Examples include cheese, butter, and coconut milk. Manufactured foods high in saturated fat include pastries, pies, potato chips, and pizza. Too much saturated fat is linked to a higher risk of heart disease
  • Trans: Typically found in processed and packaged foods. Trans fats are technically unsaturated fats that have been processed so that they essentially become saturated fats to the body. They are found mostly in packaged foods and some butter and margarines. A healthy diet limits trans fats similarly to saturated fats.


How Much is Too Much?

In the past few decades, fat has been demonized as something that leads to obesity. But there is a difference between having too much fat and having no fat at all. That’s because fat is necessary to live a healthy life.

Fat can be good for you. Plenty of Americans, however, eat a diet that consists of too much of the wrong kinds of fats. Too much saturated and trans fats in the diet has been proven to lead to obesity, high cholesterol, heart disease, and plenty of other health concerns. Additionally, because fat is a concentrated source of caloric energy, fatty foods contain more calories in a smaller amount of food. So, a spoonful of peanut butter has more calories than a piece of toast. But peanut butter will also keep you feeling fuller for longer, so less is more in some cases.

It is recommended that 30% of total calorie intake come from fats. In America, however, it is estimated that we consume at least 40% or more of our daily calories in the form of fats. Flavoring your food with unsaturated fats and cutting down on processed and packaged foods can be an effective way of consuming the right kind of fats in smaller amounts.

Need to Lose Fat?

If you are obese or overweight, it is likely that you have been consuming too much fat in your diet. Making a drastic shift in your diet can be difficult to do cold turkey, even when you know you need to do it for health reasons. With the help of a dietary supplement like Hydroxyelite, you might experience an easier time shifting your diet and shedding your fat. The key ingredient, Garcinia Cambogia, is a tropical fruit that has been shown to suppress the appetite. When you begin to eat less saturated and trans fats, you may experience a hunger for these types of foods as your body gets used to functioning without relying on them. With an appetite suppressant, you may curb the cravings until it becomes habitual to choose unsaturated fats over the saturated and trans fatty foods.

Fat can be good. There are plenty of ways to make it a positive source of energy in your life. If you struggle with your weight, getting to a healthy amount of fat in your diet could be all you need to start looking and feeling healthier.


Breastfeeding: Anytime, Anywhere


Anytime. Anywhere.
You can stare, I don't care.
I'll feed my hungry child, here or there,
if you don't like my boob, I still don't care.
A Restaurant? A store? It's boob juice galore!
A theater? A museum?
But you're more focused on trying to see them!
Bottle or boob - it's all just food.
You still think I should cover?
You should run and tell your mother.
Pull out your phone and take a picture?
But I'm the one who's the problem?
Don't you wish we could all mind our business?
That would sure solve them!
Think I am disgusting? I could say the same?
Think I am playing an attention-seeking game?
You are wrong, because you see, really I am only worried about the comfort of my baby and me!

-Sincerely Whitney, the badass breastfeeder and her badass son, fueled by purely boob juice.

originally shared on Facebook here

The Breastfeeding Group

"Thank you for nursing in public, and abolishing lactiphobia one well fed baby at a time." -Danelle Day • T-shirts from Made By Momma

Moving Tips for Families with Kids


Moving to a new home is hard enough on its own. When you add kids to the situation, it becomes that much harder. Kids often struggle with goodbyes to their old home, maybe a home they spent their whole life in. It’s also hard to leave friends and family behind. The best way to move with your entire family is to be prepared. Follow these tips to make the transition from one home to the next seamless!

Tip 1: Start with a Conversation

It is tempting for many parents to keep information about the move secretive, at least until closer to the actual moving date. While this might seem like a way to protect your kids, it actually will make the change more stressful. Be proactive by having a conversation with your kids. Talk to them early on about the new situation, and give them a chance to ask any questions about why you’re moving and what moving might mean for them.

Explain to them all the positives of this move. Maybe they’ll have their own room for the first time or they’ll be closer to family! It’s normal for kids to feel confused or sad at this change, so be patient through tears. Keep your children involved in the process so they have more time to adjust to the move. Finally, be clear with your children that all the important things will stay the same. They’ll still have their favorite nightlight, they’ll still be able to call grandma every week, and you’ll be with them every step of the way.

Tip 2: Pack with Kids

Your children will likely be stressed by the prospect of packing all their belongings before a move. The best way to help ease them through this process is to include them in your packing efforts. Older children might be prepared to decide what they keep and what to donate. To avoid even more stress on moving day, search for a reputable moving company. A company like Platinum Furniture Removals will take care of the heavy lifting so you can focus on your family during the move.

Tip 3: Build Excitement with Kids

Sometimes the best way to get your kids onboard with a new move is to distract them with excitement to come! While kids might still be sad to leave their school or old friend behind, they can still get excited about any new things you can share about the move. Research your new neighborhood together and find a list of new activities to do together. Maybe your new house will have a pool or your new city has a great children’s museum. These little things might be just what your kid needs to look forward to a new home!

Tip 4: Keep to Schedule

Your kids probably have a routine they associate with your old home. They get home from school at 3, they eat diner at 6, and they get ready for bed by 8. No matter the routine, try to stick with it. Provide as much structure and community as possible. Surround your child with the same familiar things from the old home, like the same bedding, similar toys, and bedtime stories. These little things might make the difference in a restful night and a late-night tantrum. If your children are used to talking to grandparents or other family members, try to keep these ties going through phone calls or video chats. Soon, the new schedule will feel normal!

Move Your Family with Confidence

Moving is just as stressful for you as it is for your kids! Remember, younger kids might not fully understand your move, and it can be hard on them to separate from everything they came to learn as normal. Leave room for angst and sadness in your move and lead by example. Show your kids that even though you’re sad you left your own home, you’re so excited for this new adventure! You’ll be all settled in no time!

Kinderpack





We love Kindercarry's Kinderpack! Especially for bigger/taller/heavier babies, toddlers and children -- this is the most comfortable carrier we have tried, and it is a favorite among our local babywearing lending library. When Peaceful Parenting began (2005) there was no such thing as a comfortable soft structured carrier (SSC) for a heavy/large baby or toddler. With the Kinderpack we can comfortably babywear for many hours, day after day, and do so with special needs children as well. It is truly a blessing in babywearing, and one we'd love everyone to experience. You can learn more about Kinderpacks and their small-batch, USA handmade construction at the Kindercarry homepage.


Each Kinderpack below comes to you brand new, with tags attached, in its original packaging, and has never been tried on, unless otherwise noted. Photos are of the actual carrier you will receive and the listing will be removed from this page upon purchase. Many Kinderpacks below have Plus padded straps because they are perfect for every body type and can be adjusted for a comfortable babywearing fit for parents of all sizes, and shared between parents. New Kinderpacks below include FREE 2-day priority shipping in the United States and to APO/FPO addresses. International shipping is $18 to Canada and $34 to all other nations. Email DrMomma.org{at}gmail.com

With each Kinderpack you'll receive two Born 2B Worn advocacy bracelets in cool colors (blue/purple/teal) and warm colors (red/orange/hot pink). Kinderpacks arrive brand new, never tried on, in their zippered pouch, with all paperwork, unless otherwise noted.


Note: No one at Peaceful Parenting has been given any incentive of any kind to speak upon Kinderpacks. We love Kinderpacks, have shared locally for many years, and would like to help other families have access to one that fits their needs. Packs were purchased brand new, directly from Kindercarry, at full retail costs plus shipping. Any pack sold for less is one we lose funds on.

Any amount donated beyond retail/shipping/fees/taxes goes toward Peaceful Parenting education at maternity and baby expos where materials are given freely to new and expecting families; as well as toward the non-profit work that Peaceful Parenting takes on (birth, breastfeeding, baby care supplies and support for low-income families, mothers, and to orphanages overseas). If you have a Kinderpack you'd like to give toward this effort (to share freely with another family in need, or to send with an orphanage volunteer working with babies/toddlers), write to DrMomma.org{at}gmail.com

Shopping at the main Kindercarry site? Click here to get $10 off your purchase. The majority of Kinderpacks we have below are also $10 off retail, with free priority shipping.

Email is responded to within 24 hours, and Kinderpacks are shipped within 1 business day that USPS is open. If you do not receive a response, please check the email address you are sending to, or your junk/spam filter.

Three different options to purchase: 

1) Click the Purchase button under the Kinderpack you wish to buy. [PayPal takes a percentage with this option and it is processed as a Goods Business Transaction]

2) Send via check or money order to:
Peaceful Parenting
P.O. Box 1302
Virginia Beach, VA 23451
*personal checks will have to clear before Kinderpack is sent; email DrMomma.org{at}gmail.com before sending check so that your new KP is held for you

3) If you are local to Virginia Beach and would like to meet, please email. We have regular fitting dates with parents in the community, attend the majority of maternity and baby expos in the area, and would be happy to meet with you anytime.

KINDERPACKS BY SIZE:
Infant • Standard • Toddler • Preschool

INFANT
Kinderpacks are $10 below retail, except for specialty prints.
Each is brand new and ships within 1 business day via Priority Mail with tracking and insurance.
Each new Kinderpack comes to you with two "Born to be Worn" bracelets.


The Good Fight Duo - Infant Plus
Limited Edition, Rare one time release
Matching pink/white polkadot hoody-hood
SALE $164, shipping included
PURCHASE

The Good Fight Duo - Infant Standard
Limited Edition, Rare one time release
Matching pink/white polkadot hoody-hood
2 print layouts to select from, email DrMomma.org@gmail.com to choose
SALE $159, shipping included
PURCHASE

Classic Black - Infant Plus
full panel black, with matching polka-dot hoody hood
SALE $174, shipping included
PURCHASE

• SPECIALTY PRINTS •

Terrapin Riptide Duo - Infant Plus
Hard to access, 2 time release
Matching turtles hoody-hood with navy canvas
SALE $174, shipping included
PURCHASE

Posey Pinwheel Duo - Infant Plus
One of the most popular duos!
Matching pinwheel hoody-hood (pictured below)
SALE $174, shipping included
pending new family in Iowa


Starstruck Full Panel - Infant Plus
Black Canvas; Glow in the Dark Stars
Very Rare Semi-Custom, Matching hoody-hood
SALE $199, shipping included
PURCHASE

Starstruck with Black Koolnit - Infant Plus
Custom Black Canvas; Glow in the Dark Stars
Rare Semi-Custom, Black Koolnit hood
SALE $194, shipping included
PURCHASE
Starstruck Kinderpack's Glow in the Dark Stars at Night

STANDARD
Kinderpacks are $10 below retail, except for specialty prints.
Each is brand new and ships within 1 business day via Priority Mail with tracking and insurance.
Each new Kinderpack comes to you with two "Born to be Worn" bracelets.


Classic Black - Standard Plus with Koolnit
Black Canvas, with Black Koolnit hood
SALE $154, shipping included
PURCHASE

Classic Black - Standard Plus
full panel with matching polka-dot hoody hood
SALE $154, shipping included
PURCHASE

Fairytale - Standard Standard
Dark Grey Canvas, Matching full panel hoody-hood
SALE $149, shipping included
PURCHASE

• SPECIALTY PRINTS •


Aquarius Duo - Standard Plus
Popular sea creatures duo with aqua canvas
matching sea creatures hoody-hood
SALE $154, shipping included
PURCHASE

Posey Pinwheel Duo - Standard Plus
One of the most popular duos!
Matching pinwheel hoody-hood (example pictured below)
SALE $164, shipping included
PURCHASE

Starstruck Full Panel - Standard Plus
Black Canvas; Glow in the Dark Stars
Very Rare Semi-Custom, Matching Hoody-Hood
SALE $199, shipping included
PURCHASE

Starstruck with Black Koolnit - Standard Plus
Custom Black Canvas; Glow in the Dark Stars
Very Rare Semi-Custom with Black Canvas, Black Koolnit Hood
SALE $184, shipping included
PURCHASE


TODDLER
Kinderpacks are $10 below retail, except for specialty prints.
Each is brand new and ships within 1 business day via Priority Mail with tracking and insurance.
Each new Kinderpack comes to you with two "Born to be Worn" bracelets.

Hop To It - Toddler Plus with Koolnit
Very Hard to Find, Retired print
SALE $164, shipping included
PURCHASE


Fairytale - Toddler Standard
Matching full panel hoody-hood, dark grey canvas
SALE $159, shipping included
PURCHASE

Classic Black Full Panel - Toddler Plus
matching polka-dot hoody hood (pictured below)
SALE $164, shipping included
PURCHASE

Twilight - Toddler Plus with Koolnit
with matching black Koolnit hood
SALE $164, shipping included
PURCHASE

• SPECIALTY PRINTS • 

Posey Pinwheel Duo - Toddler Standard
One of the most popular duos!
Matching pinwheel hoody-hood (example pictured below)
SALE $169, shipping included
PURCHASE

Posey Pinwheel Duo - Toddler Plus
One of the most popular duos!
Matching pinwheel hoody-hood (example pictured above)
SALE $174, shipping included
PURCHASE

Constellations Full Panel - Toddler Plus
Navy Canvas, Matching Hoody-hood
Hard to access print, special glow in the dark fabric that retails higher
Matching hoody-hood (see example below)
SALE $179, shipping included
PURCHASE
Kinderpack Constellations Full Panel Hoody-Hood example

Constellations Full Panel - Toddler Plus
Black Canvas, Matching Hoody-hood
Hard to access print, special glow in the dark fabric that retails higher
Matching hoody-hood (see example above)
SALE $179, shipping included
Starstruck Full Panel - Toddler Standard
Black Canvas; Glow in the Dark Stars
Very Rare Semi-Custom
SALE $199, shipping included
pending new family in California

Starstruck with Black Koolnit - Toddler Standard
Custom Black Canvas; Glow in the Dark Stars
Very Rare Semi-Custom with black canvas & black Koolnit
SALE $179, shipping included
PURCHASE


PRESCHOOL
Kinderpacks are $10 below retail, except for specialty prints.
Each is brand new and ships within 1 business day via Priority Mail with tracking and insurance.
Each new Kinderpack comes to you with two "Born to be Worn" bracelets.

Zombie Apocalypse 2 - Preschool Plus
with matching full panel hoody-hood
SALE $164, shipping included
PURCHASE

Fairytale - Preschool Standard
with matching full panel hoody-hood
SALE $159, shipping included
PURCHASE

The Good Fight Duo - Preschool Standard
Matching polkadot white/pink hoody-hood
Limited Edition - One Time Release
SALE $159, shipping included
PURCHASE

 Regatta with Navy Koolnit - Preschool Plus
Matching Navy Koolnit Hood
SALE $164, shipping included
PURCHASE

• SPECIALTY PRINTS •

Terrapin - Preschool Plus with Koolnit
popular turtles print with navy koolnit and canvas
pending family in California


Terrapin / Riptide Duo - Preschool Standard
Matching turtles hoody-hood; very hard-to-find, 2-time release
SALE $179, includes shipping

 Posey Pinwheel Duo - Preschool Standard
One of the most popular duos!
Matching pinwheel hoody-hood (example pictured below)
SALE $169, shipping included
PURCHASE

Webs We Weave - Preschool Standard with Koolnit
Matching black Koolnit Hood
Rare, one-time-release + custom; glow-in-the-dark special fabric.
SALE $169, includes 2-day shipping
Pictured: Webs' glow in the dark pattern at night

Starstruck with Black Koolnit - Preschool Standard
Custom Black Canvas / Glow in the Dark Stars / Black KN Hood
Very Rare Semi-Custom with black canvas and koolnit
SALE $179, shipping included
PURCHASE
Starstruck Kinderpack's Glow in the Dark Stars at Night

*******

Straps: Standard or Plus: 4 extra inches of padding along strap
Parents of all sizes use and love plus straps:

Perfect Fit Adjusters
(making plus straps perfect for every babywearer)


All babywearing families are welcome to join:
Kinderpack B/S/T Chat Group

Where our Kinderpacks have gone... Please feel free to drop us a note or share a photo anytime (DrMomma.org {at} gmail.com). We love connecting with families and seeing your little ones grow, wrapped up in love. ♥ Thank you for letting us be a part of your babywearing adventure!

Terrapin (Preschool Plus) - California family

Terrapin Tide (Toddler Standard) - New Jersey family

Constellations (Infant Plus) - Washington family

Constellations (Preschool Standard) - Tennessee family

Starstruck (Preschool Standard) - California family

DIY Butterfly (Toddler Plus, Koolnit) - California family

Regatta (Toddler Plus, Koolnit) - Michigan family

Terrapin (Infant Plus, Koolnit) - California family

Blue Poppies (Toddler Plus, Koolnit) - North Carolina family

Constellations (Preschool Standard, Black Canvas) - Maryland family

Constellations (Preschool Standard, Black Canvas) - Georgia family

Constellations (Preschool Plus, Navy Canvas) - Texas family

Skulls and Roses (Preschool Plus) - Oregon family

Starstruck (Preschool Standard) - Florida family

Hollow (Toddler Plus, Koolnit) - Oklahoma family

Classic Black (Standard Standard, Koolnit) - Illinois family

Regatta (Preschool Standard, Koolnit) - Kansas family

POUNCE! (Preschool Standard, Koolnit) - New York family

Terrapin (Standard Plus, Koolnit) - Iowa family

Terrapin (Standard Plus, Koolnit) - South Carolina family

In the Round (Infant Standard, Koolnit) - Ohio family
*this new Kinderpack was sold to fund a larger size going to an in-need orphanage in Mongolia

Indigo Bloom (Toddler Plus) - California family

Summit (Standard Plus, Koolnit) - New York family

Safari (Preschool Plus, Koolnit) - Washington family

Geared Up (Preschool Plus, Koolnit) - Oklahoma family

Constellations (Infant Plus) - Military family overseas

Classic Black (Infant Plus) - gifted to Wisconsin family

Fantasy Forest (Preschool Plus) - The Netherlands family

Fly By Night Duo (Preschool Standard) - Massachusetts family

Terrapin (Standard Plus, Koolnit) - California family

Summit (Preschool Standard, Koolnit) - Maryland family

Constellations (Standard Plus) - Singapore family

[Harry Potter] Wiz Kid (Preschool Plus) - Iowa family

Dragons (Preschool Plus, Koolnit) - Texas family

Constellations (Preschool Plus, Koolnit) - Delaware family

Terrapin Tide (Preschool Plus) - Virginia family

Suckerpunch (Toddler Plus, Koolnit) - Illinois family

Hollow (Preschool Plus, Koolnit) - Indiana family

Hollow (Infant Plus, Koolnit) - Florida family

Riptide (Preschool Plus, Koolnit) - Virginia family

Chesapeake (Preschool Plus, Koolnit) - South Carolina family

Summit (Preschool Plus, Koolnit) - Minnesota family

Hollow (Standard Plus, Koolnit) - Minnesota family

Riptide (Preschool Plus, Koolnit) - Pennsylvania family

Serengeti (Preschool Plus, Koolnit) - Arizona family

Synergy (Toddler Standard, Koolnit) - Virginia family

Heartland (Standard Plus, Koolnit) - Ohio family

Twilight (Standard Plus, Koolnit) - Military family

Summit (Toddler Plus, Koolnit) - Texas family

Summit (Infant Plus, Koolnit) - Michigan family

Suckerpunch (Infant Plus, Koolnit) - California family

Batik Roses (Preschool Standard) - Georgia family

Alice [in Wonderland] (Preschool Plus) - U.K. family

Shark Attack (Toddler Plus, Koolnit) - Florida family

[Harry Potter] Wiz Kid (Infant Plus) - Missouri family

Constellations (Toddler Plus, Koolnit) - Massachusetts family

Aqua Bubbles (Preschool Standard) - California family

Fantasy Forest (Preschool Plus, Koolnit) - Pennsylvania family

Heartland (Infant Plus, Koolnit) - New Jersey family

Suckerpunch (Standard Plus, Koolnit) - New Jersey family

Fantasy Forest (Infant Plus) - Pennsylvania family

Terrapin (Infant Plus, Koolnit) - Texas family

Fairytale (Infant Plus) - New Jersey family

Classic Black (Preschool Standard, Koolnit) - North Carolina family

Batik Roses (Standard Plus) - South Carolina family

Constellations (Preschool Standard) - Illinois family

Terrapin (Infant Plus, Koolnit) - California family

Batik Roses (Toddler Plus) - New Zealand family

Indigo Bloom (Infant Plus) - Texas family

Chesapeake (Standard Plus, Koolnit) - Texas family

Heartland (Standard Plus, Koolnit) - Minnesota family

Narwhal (Preschool Plus, Koolnit) - Oregon family

Artemis (Preschool Plus, Koolnit) - Texas family

POUNCE! (Preschool Standard, Koolnit) - New Jersey family

Shark Plank Duo (Infant Plus) - Texas family

Monster Mash 2014 (Toddler Standard, Koolnit) - Washington family

Twilight (Preschool Plus, Koolnit) - Colorado family

Terrapin (Toddler Plus, Koolnit) - Georgia family

POUNCE! (Standard Plus, Koolnit) - Connecticut family

Classic Black (Standard Plus, Koolnit) - California family

Brilliant Beards (Infant Plus, Koolnit) - Canadian family

Clementine (Standard Plus, Koolnit) - South Carolina family

Brilliant Beards (Preschool Plus, Koolnit) - Washington family

Classic Black (Standard Standard, Koolnit) - Tennessee family

Fairytale (Preschool Standard) - Arizona family

Riptide (Standard Plus, Koolnit) - Missouri

POUNCE! (Toddler Plus, Koolnit) - California family

Dragons (Preschool Standard, Koolnit) - California family

Aquarius Duo (Preschool Standard) - Georgia family

Dino-Mite (Preschool Plus, Koolnit) - Pennsylvania family

Suckerpunch (Preschool Plus, Koolnit) - Texas family

Classic Black (Preschool Standard, Koolnit) - New York family

Shark Plank Duo (Infant Plus) - Texas family

Party Hearty (Toddler Plus, Koolnit) - Illinois family

Riptide (Standard Plus, Koolnit) - Alaska family

Suckerpunch (Preschool Standard, Koolnit) - Florida family

Dragons (Toddler Plus, Koolnit) - Texas family

Shark Plank Duo (Toddler Plus) - Kansas family

Midnight Floral (Toddler Plus, Koolnit) - Washington family

Lotis (Toddler Plus, Koolnit) - New Jersey family

Rhino Romp (Preschool Plus, Koolnit) - Minnesota family

Skulls & Roses (Toddler Plus, Koolnit) - Ohio family

Fairytale (Infant Plus, Koolnit) - Florida family

Constellations (Toddler Plus, Koolnit) - Utah family

Rhino Romp (Toddler Plus, Koolnit) - New York family

Inked! (Preschool Standard, Koolnit) - South Dakota family

Terrapin (Preschool Plus, Koolnit) - Florida family

Riptide (Toddler Plus, Koolnit) - California family

Fantasy Forest (Standard Standard, Koolnit) - California family

[Harry Potter] Wiz Kid (Preschool Standard) - Virginia family

[Harry Potter] Wiz Kid (Preschool Plus) - Florida family

Riptide (Toddler Standard, Koolnit) - Maryland family

Superkids (Standard Plus, Koolnit) - Georgia family

Terrapin (Preschool Standard, Koolnit) - Maryland family

Shark Plank Duo (Preschool Standard) - Delaware family

Trophy Too (Preschool Plus, Koolnit) - Texas family

Constellations (Preschool Standard, Koolnit) - California family

Chesapeake (Toddler Plus, Koolnit) - Texas family

Regatta (Standard Plus, Koolnit) - Alaska family

Shark Attack (Standard Plus, Koolnit) - Texas family

Heartland (Preschool Standard, Koolnit) - North Carolina family

Bee Sweeter Duo (Infant Plus) - California family

Summit (Toddler Plus, Koolnit) - Wisconsin family

Constellations (Standard Plus, Koolnit) - Washington family

Constellations (Infant Plus, Koolnit) - Washington family

Dragons (Infant Plus, Koolnit) - Louisiana family

Terrapin (Standard Plus, Koolnit) - Texas family

Hollow [Limited Edition] (Preschool Standard, Koolnit) - Michigan family

Voyage (Toddler Plus, Koolnit) - Singapore family

Aqua Bubbles (Toddler Plus, Koolnit) - Wisconsin family

[Harry Potter] Wiz Kid (Infant Standard) - Wisconsin family

Bearly Sleeping (Toddler Plus, Koolnit) - Ohio family

Aqua Bubbles (Preschool Plus, Koolnit) - New York family

Fly By Night Duo (Infant Plus) - California family

Chesapeake (Preschool Standard, Koolnit) - Florida family

[Harry Potter] Wiz Kid (Toddler Standard) - California family

[Harry Potter] Wiz Kid (Toddler Plus) - Florida family

Terrapin (Toddler Plus, Koolnit) - Florida family

Voyage (Toddler Plus, Koolnit) - Ohio family

Voyage (Toddler Plus, Koolnit) - Virginia family

Heartland (Toddler Plus, Koolnit) - California family

Dino-Mite (Toddler Plus, Koolnit) - Florida family

Aqua Bubbles (Toddler Plus, Koolnit) - Wisconsin family

Fly By Night Duo (Standard Plus) - Pennsylvania family

Aqua Bubbles (Standard Standard, Koolnit) - Florida family

Batik Roses (Infant Plus) - Ohio family

Alice [in Wonderland] (Infant Plus) - California family

Voyage (Preschool Plus, Koolnit) - Nevada family

Constellations (Standard Plus, Koolnit) - California family

Riptide (Standard Plus, Koolnit) - California family

Sky High (Infant Standard, Koolnit) - Alaska family

[Harry Potter] Wiz Kid (Standard Plus) - Washington family

In the Round (Standard Plus, Koolnit) - Ohio family

In the Round (Infant Plus, Koolnit) - Texas family

Constellations (Preschool Standard) - Washington family

Clementine (Toddler Plus, Koolnit) - Pennsylvania family

Clementine (Infant Plus, Koolnit) - Georgia family

Dragons (Standard Plus, Koolnit) - Missouri family

Dino-Mite (Infant Plus, Koolnit) - Pennsylvania family

Indigo Bloom (Infant Standard) - Utah family

Alice [in Wonderland] (Toddler Standard) - Washington family

Riptide (Toddler Plus, Koolnit) - California family

Beards (Toddler Plus, Koolnit) - Kansas family

Voyage (Toddler Plus, Koolnit) - Maryland family

Aquarius Duo (Infant Plus) - Pennsylvania family

Constellations (Infant Plus, Koolnit) - Wisconsin family

Indigo Bloom (Infant Plus) - UK family

Classic Black (Toddler Plus, Koolnit) - California family

DIY Butterfly (Toddler Plus, Koolnit) - Germany family

Batik Roses (Infant Plus) - APO Military family

Classic Black (Infant Standard, Koolnit) - Massachusetts family

Webs We Weave [Limited Edition] (Infant Standard, Koolnit) - Singapore family

Webs We Weave [Limited Edition] (Infant Plus, Koolnit) - Virginia family

Webs We Weave [Limited Edition] (Preschool Standard, Koolnit) - Hawaii family

Webs We Weave [Limited Edition] (Toddler Plus, Koolnit) - Illinois family

Elephant Romp (Infant Plus, Koolnit) - Connecticut family

Skulls and Roses (Standard Plus, Koolnit) - Florida family

In Focus (Infant Plus, Koolnit) - Florida family

Little Wing (Toddler Plus, Koolnit) - Georgia family

Dino-Mite (Preschool Standard, Koolnit) - California family

Adorned (Standard Plus, Koolnit) - Michigan family

Terrapin (Infant Standard, Koolnit) - Virginia family

Terrapin (Preschool Standard, Koolnit) - Hong Kong family

Chesapeake (Infant Plus, Koolnit) - Georgia family

Mermaids (Infant Plus) - Spain family

Summit (Toddler Plus, Koolnit) - Alaska family

Skulls and Roses (Toddler Plus, Koolnit) - Oregon family

Fairytale (Standard Plus, Koolnit) - Florida family

Heartland (Infant Plus, Koolnit) - South Carolina family

Riptide (Infant Plus, Koolnit) - Texas family

Constellations (Infant Plus) - Missouri family

Sky High (Infant Plus, Koolnit) - Texas family

[Harry Potter] Wiz Kid (Preschool Standard) - North Carolina family

Shark Attack (Infant Plus, Koolnit) - Tennessee family

Constellations (Preschool Standard) - Washington family

Derby (Toddler Plus, Koolnit) - Germany family

Regatta (Infant Plus, Koolnit) - New Mexico family

SuperKids (Infant Standard, Koolnit) - California family

Summit (Preschool Plus, Koolnit) - Australia family

[Harry Potter] Wiz Kid (Preschool Standard) - Alberta, Canada family

Riptide (Standard Standard, Koolnit) - California family

Shady Savannah (Standard Plus, Koolnit) - Ohio family

Dino-Mite (Preschool Plus, Koolnit) - Michigan family

In Focus (Preschool Plus, Koolnit) - Washington family

Bearly Sleeping (Standard Standard, Koolnit) - Singapore family

Zombie Apocalypse 2 (Preschool Plus, Koolnit) - Virginia family

Shady Savannah (Toddler Plus, Koolnit) - Arkansas family

Riptide (Preschool Standard, Koolnit) - Illinois family

Twilight (Infant Plus, Koolnit) - Minnesota family

Twilight (Standard Plus, Koolnit) - gifted to California/Texas military family 

[Harry Potter] Wiz Kid (Infant Plus) - gifted to Wisconsin family 

Posey Pinwheel Duo (Infant Plus) - gifted to Wisconsin family 

Posey Pinwheel Duo (Preschool Plus) - gifted to Virginia family 

Bee Sweeter Duo (Preschool Plus) - gifted to Virginia family 

Riptide (Toddler Plus) - gifted to Virginia family 

Blue Poppies (Preschool Plus, Koolnit) - gifted to Virginia family 

Shark Plank Duo (Toddler Plus) - gifted to Virginia family 

Heartland (Preschool Standard) - gifted to Virginia family 

Constellations (Preschool Plus) - gifted to Virginia family 

Used KPs from our Birth & Babies Lending library and donations to orphanage volunteers in Uganda, Mongolia, Indonesia, Philippines, Haiti. ♥


*****

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