Why Keep Babies Happy? A baby’s cry is a late signal of discomfort

By Dr. Darcia Narvaez


It’s quite common to hear babies cry in movies and television with adults mostly ignoring the baby’s unhappiness. I shake my head. Why are they ignoring baby’s signals? Ignorance? Cruelty? Numbness?

Don’t they know that babies are like fetuses (of other animals) until 18 months of age (Trevathan, 2011)? And so, babies need sensitive, responsive care to keep them in an optimal state while the brain is rapidly growing and setting up its systems and the child’s personality (in response to experience)? Don’t they know the research showing that sensitive care is linked to better and more growth (e.g., Moore et al., 2017) and to all sorts of short and long term outcomes—like mental and physical health (Lanius et al., 2010; Perry et al., 1995)?

A recent study shows that stress in the first two months of life may have a greater impact on central nervous system (CNS) functioning that lasts at least into adolescence (Hambrick et al., 2018). The researchers wanted to study relational poverty and trauma. In a sample of 3,523 children between the age of 6 to 13, ratings of relational health and adverse experiences were tabulated for previous developmental periods (perinatal: 0-2 months; infancy: 2-12 months; early childhood 13 months-4 years; childhood 4-11 years). Relational health was measured as "primary caregiver safety, primary caregiver attunement, consistency in primary caregiving, paternal (or partner) support, kinship support, and community support." 

Of all prior periods of life, experiences in the first two months of life had the strongest association with children's CNS functioning, though current relational health was the most predictive of current functioning. CNS functioning was measured as age-typical "cardiovascular regulation (heart rate), sleep, feeding/appetite, fine motor skills, affect regulation, relational skills, arousal, ability to modulate reactivity/inhibit impulsivity, and abstract/reflective thinking skills."

The potential long-term effects of early experience are not a surprise if you know that human infants are like fetuses of other animals until they are 18 months of age (Montagu, 1968; Trevathan, 2011) and are highly malleable from social experience in the early years of life (Schore, 2019).

Here is new evidence of the importance of keeping babies happy. A longitudinal study by John Coffey (2019) shows that happiness at 18 months predicts educational success at age 29 directly and also indirectly through IQ measures in childhood.

Here is the abstract in bullets:

  • “Parents want their children to be happy, educated, and successful, but are these goals related?
  • People assume that success leads to happiness, but research on adults supports a reverse conceptualization: Happy people are more successful. Is happiness during childhood also linked to later success? Across the lifespan positive affect is linked with expanded cognitive abilities, learning, and resource building that can be adaptive and useful such that it leads to more success.
  • Conversely, ongoing negative affect can reduce opportunities for growth and learning. Thus, happiness at any age may predict future success.
  • Yet, no research has examined if positive and negative affect during infancy predicts childhood cognitive abilities and adult academics success.
  • In a community sample, I hypothesized that higher infant positive affect (but not negative affect) would predict higher childhood cognitive abilities (i.e., IQ) and adult academic success (i.e., education attainment) in a 29-year study (n _ 130).
  • Positive affect, but not negative affect, during infancy (age 1.5), directly predicted higher childhood IQ (ages 6–8) and higher educational attainment (age 29), even after controlling for family socioeconomic status and infant intelligence.
  • Childhood IQ partially explained the link between positive affect during infancy and adult educational attainment.
  • This study advances understanding of how happiness during infancy (before formal education has begun) is linked to gold standard indicators of cognitive abilities and adult academic success.
  • Parents, educators, and policymakers may want to place a higher value on early affective experiences when considering educational success.”


But how do we keep babies happy?

First, don’t let them get distressed. This means: learn the signals of the baby.

A baby’s cry is a late signal of discomfort. Babies have only a limited number of signals—body gestures, facial gestures, fussy noises and crying. Respond as soon as possible.

A baby’s fussing means they are starting to feel panic or fear, basic innate emotions in our mammalian brains (Panksepp, 1998; later the rage system can be activated too). When left in distress routinely, a sense of danger can grow into a deep insecurity, anxiety knitted into the psyche with the stress response easily activated (Sandler, 1960). The child can end up with a feeling of badness and abandonment, leading to insecure attachment with that caregiver. Without the benefit of more supportive relationships, the child can turn into an anxious adult who will seek ways to avoid feeling those terrible feelings, cutting off the self from internal and external stimuli (losing the self and losing relationships) so that fantasy takes over (Schore, 2003). The primitive systems of rage and fear can only be calmed down with ritual actions, false narratives and one or more false selves (Laing, 1990).

Feeling abandoned and unloved, the individual moves forward with necessary self-protective distortions and falsities. In a recent paper of mine for the Oxford Handbook of Philosophy and Psychoanalysis, I wrote:

“Avoidance of a sense of non-being, of shame, and of annihilation shapes actions and reactions, with negative transferences to others predominating. Thus, self protectionist ethics reflect an enhancement of the survival systems through early conditioning while right-hemisphere lateralized self-regulatory and relational capacities are underdeveloped or shut down. Unable to stand negative feelings towards the self (e.g. guilt), the individual slides into bullying or being victimized as comfortable psychic locations. What becomes normalized is a role in a dominance hierarchy, either through aggressive action or through appeasement or withdrawal. The self-protective individual is not relaxed and open but braced against others.” (Narvaez, 2019, p. 652)

Second, do what traditional communities do around the world and your ancestors did not so long ago:

  • Respond to baby’s needs within a few seconds to keep them optimally aroused (Hewlett & Lamb, 2005)
  • Babies expect to be held and carried (their bodies know what helps them grow), so do so as much as you can.
  • Provide the evolved nest. Babies want to grow their best and the nest offers the support needed. As social mammals, nested care is what their bodies and brains evolved to expect. A recent study in my lab shows that provisioning components of the evolved nest to young children (affectionate touch and lack of corporal punishment, free play, family togetherness) promotes happiness and thriving in the samples from three countries we studied--USA, China and Switzerland (Narvaez, Woodbury et al., 2019).

References

Coffey, J. K. (2019). Cascades of Infant Happiness: Infant Positive Affect Predicts Childhood IQ and Adult Educational Attainment. Emotion. Advance online publicationhttp://dx.doi.org/10.1037/emo0000640

Hambrick, Erin & Brawner, Thomas & Perry, Bruce & Brandt, Kristie & Hofmeister, Christine & Collins, Jennifer. (2018). Beyond the ACE score: Examining relationships between timing of developmental adversity, relational health and developmental outcomes in children. Archives of Psychiatric Nursing. 10.1016/j.apnu.2018.11.001

Hewlett, B.S., & Lamb, M.E. (2005). Hunter-gatherer childhoods: Evolutionary, developmental and cultural perspectives. New Brunswick, NJ: Aldine.

Laing, R.D. (1959/1990). The divided self. London: Penguin.

Lanius, R. A., Vermetten, E., & Pain, C. (Eds.) (2010). The impact of early life trauma on health and disease: The hidden epidemic. New York, NY: Cambridge University Press.

Montagu, A. (1968). Brains, genes, culture, immaturity, and gestation. In A. Montagu (Ed.) Culture: Man’s adaptive dimension (pp. 102-113). New York: Oxford University Press.

Moore, Sarah R., Lisa M. McEwen, Jill Quirt, Alex Morin, Sarah M. Mah, Ronald G. Barr, W. Thomas Boyce, Michael S. Kobor. Epigenetic correlates of neonatal contact in humans. Development and Psychopathology, 2017; 29 (05): 1517 DOI: 10.1017/S0954579417001213

Narvaez, D. (2019). Evolution, childhood and the moral self. In R. Gipps & M. Lacewing (Eds.), The Oxford handbook of philosophy and psychoanalysis (pp. 637-659). London: Oxford University Press. DOI: 10.1093/oxfordhb/9780198789703.013.39

Narvaez, D., Woodbury, R., Gleason, T., Kurth, A., Cheng, A., Wang, L., Deng, L., Gutzwiller-Helfenfinger, E., Christen, M., & Näpflin, C. (2019). Evolved Development Niche Provision: Moral socialization, social maladaptation and social thriving in three countries. Sage Open, 9(2). https://doi.org/10.1177/2158244019840123

Panksepp, J. (1998). Affective neuroscience: The foundations of human and animal emotions. New York: Oxford University Press.

Perry, B. D., Pollard, R. A., Blakely, T. L., Baker, W. L., & Vigilante, D. (1995). Childhood trauma, the neurobiology of adaptation, and “use-dependent” development of the brain: How “states” become “traits.” Infant Mental Health Journal, 16, 271–291.

Sandler, J. (1960). The background of safety. International Journal of Psychoanalysis, 41, 352-356.

Schore, A. N. (2003). Affect dysregulation & disorders of the self. New York, NY: Norton.

Schore, A.N. (2019). The development of the unconscious mind. New York: W.W. Norton.

Trevathan, W. R. (2011). Human birth: An evolutionary perspective, 2nd ed.. New York: Aldine de Gruyter.


Related Reading by Dr. Narvaez at Peaceful Parenting: 

An 'On Demand' Life and the Basic Needs of Babies

Where Are All the Happy Babies?

The Dangers of Crying It Out

10 Things Everyone Should Know About Babies

5 Things NOT to Do to Babies

12 Ways to Nurture Babies at Conception, Birth, and Beyond

Are you treating your child like a prisoner?

Are you or your child on a touch starvation diet?

Conspiracy Thinking: Understanding Attachment and Its Consequences

Psychology Today: Circumcision Series

Learn More from Narvaez:

The Evolved Nest Institute

Kindred Media

Neurobiology and the Development of Human Morality: Evolution, Culture, and Wisdom

💜 Peaceful Parenting Community

💙 Peaceful Parenting on Facebook

💗 Peaceful Parenting on Telegram


Kinderpack





We love Kindercarry's Kinderpack! Especially for bigger/taller/heavier babies, toddlers and children -- this is the most comfortable carrier we have tried, and it is a favorite among our local babywearing lending library. When Peaceful Parenting began (2005) there was no such thing as a comfortable soft structured carrier (SSC) for a heavy/large baby or toddler. With the Kinderpack we can comfortably babywear for many hours, day after day, and do so with special needs children as well. It is truly a blessing in babywearing, and one we'd love everyone to experience. You can learn more about Kinderpacks and their small-batch, USA handmade construction at the Kindercarry homepage.


Each Kinderpack below comes to you brand new, with tags attached, in its original packaging, and has been inspected for quality, but never been tried on, unless otherwise noted. The Kinderpacks we have are those that are rare, hard to find, custom made, or much-loved retired prints you won't find elsewhere. Photos are of the exact actual carrier you will receive (not stock images) and the listing will be removed from this page upon purchase. Many Kinderpacks below have hoody-hoods (an attached perfectly shaped, soft hood that tucks into the carrier back when not in use) and Plus padded straps because these are perfect for every body type, can be adjusted for a comfortable babywearing fit for parents of all sizes, and shared between parents of different sizes. New Kinderpacks below include 2-day priority shipping/tracking in the United States and to APO/FPO addresses. International shipping adds $20 to Canada and $35 to all other nations. Email: ContactDrMomma{at}gmail.com for international shipping, or if you'd like a payment plan to hold your new Kinderpack.

With each Kinderpack you'll receive two Born 2B Worn advocacy bracelets in cool colors (blue/purple/teal) and warm colors (red/orange/hot pink) unless you do not with to have these. Born 2B Worn bracelets are also at Etsy. Kinderpacks arrive brand new, never tried on, in their zippered pouch, with all paperwork, unless otherwise noted. 


Note: No one at Peaceful Parenting has been given any incentive of any kind to speak upon Kinderpacks. We love Kinderpacks, have shared locally for many years, and would like to help other families have access to one that fits their needs. Kinderpacks below were purchased brand new, directly from Kindercarry, at full retail costs plus shipping. Any pack sold for less is one we lose funds on.

Any amount donated beyond retail/shipping/fees/taxes goes toward Peaceful Parenting education at maternity and baby expos where materials are given freely to new and expecting families; as well as toward the non-profit work that Peaceful Parenting takes on (birth, breastfeeding, baby care supplies and support for low-income families, mothers, and to orphanages overseas). If you have a Kinderpack you'd like to give toward this effort (to share freely with another family in need, or to send with an orphanage volunteer working with babies/toddlers), write to ContactDrMomma{at}gmail.com

Shopping at the main Kindercarry site? Click here to get $10 off your purchase

Email is responded to within 24 hours, and Kinderpacks are shipped within 24 hours. If you do not receive a response, please check the email address you are sending to, or your junk/spam filter.

Four different options to purchase: 

1) Click the Purchase button under the Kinderpack you wish to buy. [PayPal takes a percentage with this option and it is processed as a Goods Business Transaction]

2) Email ContactDrMomma@gmail.com to use Venmo, Zelle, or CashApp - payment plans while we hold your Kinderpack are available

3) Send check or money order to:
Peaceful Parenting
P.O. Box 1302
Virginia Beach, VA 23451
*email ContactDrMomma{at}gmail.com before sending check so that your new KP is held for you

4) If you are local to Virginia Beach and would like to meet, please email. We have regular fitting dates with parents in the community, attend the majority of maternity and baby expos in the area, and would be happy to meet with you anytime.

KINDERPACKS BY SIZE:
Infant • Standard • Toddler • Preschool

INFANT
Each Kinderpack is brand new, in its original packaging, and ships within 1 business day with tracking and insurance.
Kinderpacks here are those that are rare, custom made, hard to find, or beloved retired prints not found elsewhere.
Each new Kinderpack comes to you with two "Born to be Worn" bracelets in cool and warm colors unless you mention that you do not want these bonus bracelets. Email ContactDrMomma(at)gmail.com with questions.

The Good Fight Duo - Infant Standard
Limited Edition, Rare one time release
Matching pink/white polkadot hoody-hood
$209, priority shipping/tracking included
PURCHASE

Classic Black - Infant Plus
full panel black, with matching polka-dot hoody hood
$209, priority shipping/tracking included
PURCHASE

• SPECIALTY PRINTS •

Terrapin Riptide Duo - Infant Plus
Hard to access, 2 time release
Matching turtles hoody-hood with navy canvas
$209, priority shipping/tracking included
PURCHASE

Starstruck Full Panel - Infant Plus
Black Canvas; Glow in the Dark Stars
Very Rare Semi-Custom, Matching hoody-hood

sent to new family in Florida

Starstruck with Black Koolnit - Infant Plus
Custom Black Canvas; Glow in the Dark Stars
Very Rare Semi-Custom, Black Koolnit hood

sent to new family in Ohio


Starstruck Kinderpack's Glow in the Dark Stars at Night

STANDARD
Each Kinderpack is brand new, in its original packaging, and ships within 1 business day with tracking and insurance.
Kinderpacks here are those that are rare, custom made, hard to find, or beloved retired prints not found elsewhere.
Each new Kinderpack comes to you with two "Born to be Worn" bracelets in cool and warm colors unless you mention that you do not want these bonus bracelets. Email ContactDrMomma(at)gmail.com with questions.


Classic Black - Standard Plus with Koolnit
Black Canvas, with Black Koolnit panel and hood
$179, priority shipping/tracking included
PURCHASE

Classic Black - Standard Plus
Full panel black with matching polka-dot hoody hood (pictured below)
$179, priority shipping/tracking included
PURCHASE

Fairytale - Standard Standard
Rare full panel w/ dark grey canvas, matching full panel hoody-hood
$199, priority shipping/tracking included
PURCHASE

• SPECIALTY PRINTS •

Aquarius Duo - Standard Plus
Rare limited print sea creatures duo with aqua canvas
matching sea creatures hoody-hood
$199, priority shipping/tracking included
PURCHASE

Posey Pinwheel Duo - Standard Plus
Rare and one of the most popular duos ever made!
Matching pinwheel hoody-hood (example pictured below)
$199, priority shipping/tracking included
PURCHASE

Starstruck Full Panel - Standard Plus
Custom Black Canvas; Glow in the Dark Stars
Very Rare Semi-Custom, Matching Hoody-Hood, Black canvas makes Starstruck pop!
$209, priority shipping/tracking included
PURCHASE

Starstruck with Black Koolnit - Standard Plus
Custom Black Canvas; Glow in the Dark Stars
Very Rare Semi-Custom with Black Canvas, Black Koolnit Hood

sent to new family in Michigan



TODDLER
Each Kinderpack is brand new, in its original packaging, and ships within 1 business day with tracking and insurance.
Kinderpacks here are those that are rare, custom made, hard to find, or beloved retired prints not found elsewhere.
Each new Kinderpack comes to you with two "Born to be Worn" bracelets in cool and warm colors unless you mention that you do not want these bonus bracelets. Email ContactDrMomma(at)gmail.com with questions.

Hop To It - Toddler Plus with Koolnit
Very Hard to Find, Retired print
$199, priority shipping/tracking included
PURCHASE

Fairytale - Toddler Standard
Rare full panel with matching hoody-hood, and dark grey canvas
perfect position of Castle and Woodland Fairytale animals on back
$199, priority shipping/tracking included
PURCHASE

Classic Black Full Panel - Toddler Plus
Full panel with matching polka-dot hoody hood (pictured below)
$179, priority shipping/tracking included
PURCHASE

Twilight - Toddler Plus with Koolnit
Rare, stunning, retired print with matching black Koolnit hood
$199, priority shipping/tracking included
PURCHASE

• SPECIALTY PRINTS • 

Posey Pinwheel Duo - Toddler Standard
Rare and one of the most popular duos that has been made!
Full panel duo with matching pinwheel hoody-hood (example pictured below)
$209, priority shipping/tracking included
PURCHASE

Posey Pinwheel Duo - Toddler Plus
Rare and one of the most popular duos ever made!
Matching pinwheel hoody-hood (example pictured above)
$209, priority shipping/tracking included
PURCHASE

Constellations Full Panel - Toddler Plus
Navy Canvas, Matching Hoody-hood
Special glow in the dark fabric
Matching hoody-hood (see example below)
$199, priority shipping/tracking included
PURCHASE
Kinderpack Constellations Full Panel Hoody-Hood example

Constellations Full Panel - Toddler Plus
Black Canvas, Matching Hoody-hood
Special glow in the dark fabric
Matching hoody-hood (see example above)
$199, priority shipping/tracking included
Starstruck with Black Koolnit - Toddler Standard
Custom Black Canvas • Glow in the Dark Stars
Very Rare Semi-Custom with black canvas and black Koolnit (instead of Navy) which makes the Starstruck print and glowing stars really pop!
$209, priority shipping/tracking included
PURCHASE


PRESCHOOL
Each Kinderpack is brand new, in its original packaging, and ships within 1 business day with tracking and insurance.
Kinderpacks here are those that are rare, custom made, hard to find, or beloved retired prints not found elsewhere.
Each new Kinderpack comes to you with two "Born to be Worn" bracelets in cool and warm colors unless you mention that you do not want these bonus bracelets. Email ContactDrMomma(at)gmail.com with questions.

Zombie Apocalypse 2 - Preschool Plus
Rare, retired print with matching full panel hoody-hood
$199, priority shipping/tracking included
PURCHASE

Fairytale - Preschool Standard
with matching full panel hoody-hood

sent to new family in California

The Good Fight Duo - Preschool Standard
Full panel with matching polkadot pink/white hoody-hood
Rare Limited Edition - One Time Release
SALE $199, priority shipping/tracking included
PURCHASE

 Regatta with Navy Koolnit - Preschool Plus
Rare Regatta with Navy Koolnit and Navy Koolnit hood
$199, priority shipping/tracking included
PURCHASE

• SPECIALTY PRINTS •

Terrapin / Riptide Duo - Preschool Standard
Full panel Terrapin-Tide with matching turtles hoody-hood
Rare beloved duo only released twice
$209, priority shipping/tracking included

 Posey Pinwheel Duo - Preschool Standard
Rare, full panel duo with matching pinwheel hoody-hood (example below)
One of the most popular duos ever made!
$209, priority shipping/tracking included
PURCHASE

Webs We Weave - Preschool Standard with Koolnit
Amazing glow-in-the-dark print with matching black Koolnit panel and hood
Rare one time release that is ultra fun for kids in the light and the dark!
$209, priority shipping/tracking included
Pictured: Webs' glow in the dark pattern at night

Starstruck with Black Koolnit - Preschool Standard
Custom Black Canvas / Glow in the Dark Stars / Black KN Hood
Very Rare Semi-Custom with black canvas and koolnit

 sent to new family in New Jersey
Starstruck Kinderpack's Glow in the Dark Stars at Night

*******

Straps: Standard or Plus: 4 extra inches of padding along strap
Parents of all sizes use and love plus straps:

Perfect Fit Adjusters
(making plus straps perfect for every babywearer)


All babywearing families are welcome to join:
Kinderpack B/S/T Chat Group

Where our Kinderpacks have gone... Please feel free to drop us a note or share a photo anytime (ContactDrMomma@gmail.com). We love connecting with families and seeing your little ones grow, wrapped up in love. ♥ Thank you for letting us be a part of your babywearing adventure!

Starstruck (Standard Plus, Koolnit) - Michigan family

Fairytale (Preschool Standard) - California family

Starstruck (Infant Plus, Koolnit) - Ohio family

Starstruck (Infant Plus) - Florida family

The Good Fight Duo (Infant Plus) - Minnesota family

Starstruck (Preschool Standard, Koolnit) - New Jersey family

Posey Pinwheel Duo (Infant Plus) - Iowa family

Terrapin (Preschool Plus, Koolnit) - California family

Starstruck (Toddler Standard) - California family

Terrapin Tide (Toddler Standard) - New Jersey family

Constellations (Infant Plus) - Washington family

Constellations (Preschool Standard) - Tennessee family

Starstruck (Preschool Standard) - California family

DIY Butterfly (Toddler Plus, Koolnit) - California family

Regatta (Toddler Plus, Koolnit) - Michigan family

Terrapin (Infant Plus, Koolnit) - California family

Blue Poppies (Toddler Plus, Koolnit) - North Carolina family

Constellations (Preschool Standard, Black Canvas) - Maryland family

Constellations (Preschool Standard, Black Canvas) - Georgia family

Constellations (Preschool Plus, Navy Canvas) - Texas family

Skulls and Roses (Preschool Plus) - Oregon family

Starstruck (Preschool Standard) - Florida family

Hollow (Toddler Plus, Koolnit) - Oklahoma family

Classic Black (Standard Standard, Koolnit) - Illinois family

Regatta (Preschool Standard, Koolnit) - Kansas family

POUNCE! (Preschool Standard, Koolnit) - New York family

Terrapin (Standard Plus, Koolnit) - Iowa family

Terrapin (Standard Plus, Koolnit) - South Carolina family

In the Round (Infant Standard, Koolnit) - Ohio family
*this new Kinderpack was sold to fund a larger size going to an in-need orphanage in Mongolia

Indigo Bloom (Toddler Plus) - California family

Summit (Standard Plus, Koolnit) - New York family

Safari (Preschool Plus, Koolnit) - Washington family

Geared Up (Preschool Plus, Koolnit) - Oklahoma family

Constellations (Infant Plus) - Military family overseas

Classic Black (Infant Plus) - gifted to Wisconsin family

Fantasy Forest (Preschool Plus) - The Netherlands family

Fly By Night Duo (Preschool Standard) - Massachusetts family

Terrapin (Standard Plus, Koolnit) - California family

Summit (Preschool Standard, Koolnit) - Maryland family

Constellations (Standard Plus) - Singapore family

[Harry Potter] Wiz Kid (Preschool Plus) - Iowa family

Dragons (Preschool Plus, Koolnit) - Texas family

Constellations (Preschool Plus, Koolnit) - Delaware family

Terrapin Tide (Preschool Plus) - Virginia family

Suckerpunch (Toddler Plus, Koolnit) - Illinois family

Hollow (Preschool Plus, Koolnit) - Indiana family

Hollow (Infant Plus, Koolnit) - Florida family

Riptide (Preschool Plus, Koolnit) - Virginia family

Chesapeake (Preschool Plus, Koolnit) - South Carolina family

Summit (Preschool Plus, Koolnit) - Minnesota family

Hollow (Standard Plus, Koolnit) - Minnesota family

Riptide (Preschool Plus, Koolnit) - Pennsylvania family

Serengeti (Preschool Plus, Koolnit) - Arizona family

Synergy (Toddler Standard, Koolnit) - Virginia family

Heartland (Standard Plus, Koolnit) - Ohio family

Twilight (Standard Plus, Koolnit) - Military family

Summit (Toddler Plus, Koolnit) - Texas family

Summit (Infant Plus, Koolnit) - Michigan family

Suckerpunch (Infant Plus, Koolnit) - California family

Batik Roses (Preschool Standard) - Georgia family

Alice [in Wonderland] (Preschool Plus) - U.K. family

Shark Attack (Toddler Plus, Koolnit) - Florida family

[Harry Potter] Wiz Kid (Infant Plus) - Missouri family

Constellations (Toddler Plus, Koolnit) - Massachusetts family

Aqua Bubbles (Preschool Standard) - California family

Fantasy Forest (Preschool Plus, Koolnit) - Pennsylvania family

Heartland (Infant Plus, Koolnit) - New Jersey family

Suckerpunch (Standard Plus, Koolnit) - New Jersey family

Fantasy Forest (Infant Plus) - Pennsylvania family

Terrapin (Infant Plus, Koolnit) - Texas family

Fairytale (Infant Plus) - New Jersey family

Classic Black (Preschool Standard, Koolnit) - North Carolina family

Batik Roses (Standard Plus) - South Carolina family

Constellations (Preschool Standard) - Illinois family

Terrapin (Infant Plus, Koolnit) - California family

Batik Roses (Toddler Plus) - New Zealand family

Indigo Bloom (Infant Plus) - Texas family

Chesapeake (Standard Plus, Koolnit) - Texas family

Heartland (Standard Plus, Koolnit) - Minnesota family

Narwhal (Preschool Plus, Koolnit) - Oregon family

Artemis (Preschool Plus, Koolnit) - Texas family

POUNCE! (Preschool Standard, Koolnit) - New Jersey family

Shark Plank Duo (Infant Plus) - Texas family

Monster Mash 2014 (Toddler Standard, Koolnit) - Washington family

Twilight (Preschool Plus, Koolnit) - Colorado family

Terrapin (Toddler Plus, Koolnit) - Georgia family

POUNCE! (Standard Plus, Koolnit) - Connecticut family

Classic Black (Standard Plus, Koolnit) - California family

Brilliant Beards (Infant Plus, Koolnit) - Canadian family

Clementine (Standard Plus, Koolnit) - South Carolina family

Brilliant Beards (Preschool Plus, Koolnit) - Washington family

Classic Black (Standard Standard, Koolnit) - Tennessee family

Fairytale (Preschool Standard) - Arizona family

Riptide (Standard Plus, Koolnit) - Missouri

POUNCE! (Toddler Plus, Koolnit) - California family

Dragons (Preschool Standard, Koolnit) - California family

Aquarius Duo (Preschool Standard) - Georgia family

Dino-Mite (Preschool Plus, Koolnit) - Pennsylvania family

Suckerpunch (Preschool Plus, Koolnit) - Texas family

Classic Black (Preschool Standard, Koolnit) - New York family

Shark Plank Duo (Infant Plus) - Texas family

Party Hearty (Toddler Plus, Koolnit) - Illinois family

Riptide (Standard Plus, Koolnit) - Alaska family

Suckerpunch (Preschool Standard, Koolnit) - Florida family

Dragons (Toddler Plus, Koolnit) - Texas family

Shark Plank Duo (Toddler Plus) - Kansas family

Midnight Floral (Toddler Plus, Koolnit) - Washington family

Lotis (Toddler Plus, Koolnit) - New Jersey family

Rhino Romp (Preschool Plus, Koolnit) - Minnesota family

Skulls & Roses (Toddler Plus, Koolnit) - Ohio family

Fairytale (Infant Plus, Koolnit) - Florida family

Constellations (Toddler Plus, Koolnit) - Utah family

Rhino Romp (Toddler Plus, Koolnit) - New York family

Inked! (Preschool Standard, Koolnit) - South Dakota family

Terrapin (Preschool Plus, Koolnit) - Florida family

Riptide (Toddler Plus, Koolnit) - California family

Fantasy Forest (Standard Standard, Koolnit) - California family

[Harry Potter] Wiz Kid (Preschool Standard) - Virginia family

[Harry Potter] Wiz Kid (Preschool Plus) - Florida family

Riptide (Toddler Standard, Koolnit) - Maryland family

Superkids (Standard Plus, Koolnit) - Georgia family

Terrapin (Preschool Standard, Koolnit) - Maryland family

Shark Plank Duo (Preschool Standard) - Delaware family

Trophy Too (Preschool Plus, Koolnit) - Texas family

Constellations (Preschool Standard, Koolnit) - California family

Chesapeake (Toddler Plus, Koolnit) - Texas family

Regatta (Standard Plus, Koolnit) - Alaska family

Shark Attack (Standard Plus, Koolnit) - Texas family

Heartland (Preschool Standard, Koolnit) - North Carolina family

Bee Sweeter Duo (Infant Plus) - California family

Summit (Toddler Plus, Koolnit) - Wisconsin family

Constellations (Standard Plus, Koolnit) - Washington family

Constellations (Infant Plus, Koolnit) - Washington family

Dragons (Infant Plus, Koolnit) - Louisiana family

Terrapin (Standard Plus, Koolnit) - Texas family

Hollow [Limited Edition] (Preschool Standard, Koolnit) - Michigan family

Voyage (Toddler Plus, Koolnit) - Singapore family

Aqua Bubbles (Toddler Plus, Koolnit) - Wisconsin family

[Harry Potter] Wiz Kid (Infant Standard) - Wisconsin family

Bearly Sleeping (Toddler Plus, Koolnit) - Ohio family

Aqua Bubbles (Preschool Plus, Koolnit) - New York family

Fly By Night Duo (Infant Plus) - California family

Chesapeake (Preschool Standard, Koolnit) - Florida family

[Harry Potter] Wiz Kid (Toddler Standard) - California family

[Harry Potter] Wiz Kid (Toddler Plus) - Florida family

Terrapin (Toddler Plus, Koolnit) - Florida family

Voyage (Toddler Plus, Koolnit) - Ohio family

Voyage (Toddler Plus, Koolnit) - Virginia family

Heartland (Toddler Plus, Koolnit) - California family

Dino-Mite (Toddler Plus, Koolnit) - Florida family

Aqua Bubbles (Toddler Plus, Koolnit) - Wisconsin family

Fly By Night Duo (Standard Plus) - Pennsylvania family

Aqua Bubbles (Standard Standard, Koolnit) - Florida family

Batik Roses (Infant Plus) - Ohio family

Alice [in Wonderland] (Infant Plus) - California family

Voyage (Preschool Plus, Koolnit) - Nevada family

Constellations (Standard Plus, Koolnit) - California family

Riptide (Standard Plus, Koolnit) - California family

Sky High (Infant Standard, Koolnit) - Alaska family

[Harry Potter] Wiz Kid (Standard Plus) - Washington family

In the Round (Standard Plus, Koolnit) - Ohio family

In the Round (Infant Plus, Koolnit) - Texas family

Constellations (Preschool Standard) - Washington family

Clementine (Toddler Plus, Koolnit) - Pennsylvania family

Clementine (Infant Plus, Koolnit) - Georgia family

Dragons (Standard Plus, Koolnit) - Missouri family

Dino-Mite (Infant Plus, Koolnit) - Pennsylvania family

Indigo Bloom (Infant Standard) - Utah family

Alice [in Wonderland] (Toddler Standard) - Washington family

Riptide (Toddler Plus, Koolnit) - California family

Beards (Toddler Plus, Koolnit) - Kansas family

Voyage (Toddler Plus, Koolnit) - Maryland family

Aquarius Duo (Infant Plus) - Pennsylvania family

Constellations (Infant Plus, Koolnit) - Wisconsin family

Indigo Bloom (Infant Plus) - UK family

Classic Black (Toddler Plus, Koolnit) - California family

DIY Butterfly (Toddler Plus, Koolnit) - Germany family

Batik Roses (Infant Plus) - APO Military family

Classic Black (Infant Standard, Koolnit) - Massachusetts family

Webs We Weave [Limited Edition] (Infant Standard, Koolnit) - Singapore family

Webs We Weave [Limited Edition] (Infant Plus, Koolnit) - Virginia family

Webs We Weave [Limited Edition] (Preschool Standard, Koolnit) - Hawaii family

Webs We Weave [Limited Edition] (Toddler Plus, Koolnit) - Illinois family

Elephant Romp (Infant Plus, Koolnit) - Connecticut family

Skulls and Roses (Standard Plus, Koolnit) - Florida family

In Focus (Infant Plus, Koolnit) - Florida family

Little Wing (Toddler Plus, Koolnit) - Georgia family

Dino-Mite (Preschool Standard, Koolnit) - California family

Adorned (Standard Plus, Koolnit) - Michigan family

Terrapin (Infant Standard, Koolnit) - Virginia family

Terrapin (Preschool Standard, Koolnit) - Hong Kong family

Chesapeake (Infant Plus, Koolnit) - Georgia family

Mermaids (Infant Plus) - Spain family

Summit (Toddler Plus, Koolnit) - Alaska family

Skulls and Roses (Toddler Plus, Koolnit) - Oregon family

Fairytale (Standard Plus, Koolnit) - Florida family

Heartland (Infant Plus, Koolnit) - South Carolina family

Riptide (Infant Plus, Koolnit) - Texas family

Constellations (Infant Plus) - Missouri family

Sky High (Infant Plus, Koolnit) - Texas family

[Harry Potter] Wiz Kid (Preschool Standard) - North Carolina family

Shark Attack (Infant Plus, Koolnit) - Tennessee family

Constellations (Preschool Standard) - Washington family

Derby (Toddler Plus, Koolnit) - Germany family

Regatta (Infant Plus, Koolnit) - New Mexico family

SuperKids (Infant Standard, Koolnit) - California family

Summit (Preschool Plus, Koolnit) - Australia family

[Harry Potter] Wiz Kid (Preschool Standard) - Alberta, Canada family

Riptide (Standard Standard, Koolnit) - California family

Shady Savannah (Standard Plus, Koolnit) - Ohio family

Dino-Mite (Preschool Plus, Koolnit) - Michigan family

In Focus (Preschool Plus, Koolnit) - Washington family

Bearly Sleeping (Standard Standard, Koolnit) - Singapore family

Zombie Apocalypse 2 (Preschool Plus, Koolnit) - Virginia family

Shady Savannah (Toddler Plus, Koolnit) - Arkansas family

Riptide (Preschool Standard, Koolnit) - Illinois family

Twilight (Infant Plus, Koolnit) - Minnesota family

Twilight (Standard Plus, Koolnit) - gifted to California/Texas military family 

[Harry Potter] Wiz Kid (Infant Plus) - gifted to Wisconsin family 

Posey Pinwheel Duo (Infant Plus) - gifted to Wisconsin family 

Posey Pinwheel Duo (Preschool Plus) - gifted to Virginia family 

Bee Sweeter Duo (Preschool Plus) - gifted to Virginia family 

Riptide (Toddler Plus) - gifted to Virginia family 

Blue Poppies (Preschool Plus, Koolnit) - gifted to Virginia family 

Shark Plank Duo (Toddler Plus) - gifted to Virginia family 

Heartland (Preschool Standard) - gifted to Virginia family 

Constellations (Preschool Plus) - gifted to Virginia family 

Used KPs from our Birth & Babies Lending library and donations to orphanage volunteers in Uganda, Mongolia, Indonesia, Philippines, Haiti. ♥


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