6 Areas You Can Specialize As a Second Career Nurse

It's never too late to pursue your dream of becoming a nurse. Many people choose to enter the nursing profession after having worked in another field for several years. If you're considering switching to nursing, here are five specializations to consider: how to become a nurse.

How to Become a Nurse

With a bachelor's degree in another field, you can become a nurse by completing an accelerated nursing program. These programs are designed specifically for people who already have a bachelor's degree and want to enter nursing. 

These days, several institutions offer online accelerated BSN programs that offer even more flexibility for people who want to become nurses. These programs allow you to complete the classroom portion of your education online and then complete your clinical training at a nearby facility.

Areas You Can Specialize In

Obstetric Nursing

As an obstetric nurse, you will provide care and support to pregnant women throughout their pregnancies. You will educate patients and families about pregnancy, childbirth, and the postpartum period. You will also be responsible for monitoring the health of the mother and child during labor and delivery and providing postpartum care after the baby is born. An obstetric nurse helps the new mother with breastfeeding and supports the family.

Oncology Nursing

Cancer patients require nursing care throughout their treatment journey, from diagnosis and surgery to chemotherapy and radiation. Oncology nurses must be able to provide emotional support to patients and families and expert medical care. They must be able to educate patients and families about cancer treatment options and side effects. Oncology nurses work in various settings, including hospitals, outpatient clinics, and home care agencies.

Adult-Gerontology Nursing

As people live longer, the need for nurses who specialize in care for older adults is increasing. In this role, you will provide care for patients over the age of 18. You will be responsible for assessing and treating patients, providing education about health and wellness, and managing chronic illnesses. You may also provide support to families who have elderly loved ones with special needs.

Nurse Anesthetist

Nurse anesthetists play a vital role in the operating room, providing anesthesia and pain management for surgical patients. Nurse anesthetists work closely with surgeons and other medical team members to help ensure that patients have safe and successful surgery. Nurse anesthetists must have strong critical thinking skills and be able to make quick decisions in potentially life-threatening situations. 


Cardiovascular disease is one of the leading causes of death in developed countries, so there is always a need for qualified cardiology nurses. Cardiology nurses work with patients with heart conditions, providing education and support to help them manage their condition. They also work closely with cardiac surgeons, assisting in pre-and post-operative care. 

Cardiology nurses must be able to assess patients quickly and effectively and have excellent communication skills. In addition, cardiology nurses often provide research and support for new treatments and procedures. As a result, they play an essential role in caring for patients with heart conditions.

Pediatric Nursing

If you love working with children, pediatric nursing may be the right career. You will care for infants, children, and adolescents in this role. You will assess and treat patients, provide immunizations, and educate families about health and wellness. You may also support parents with children with chronic illnesses or special needs.

These are just a few areas you can specialize in as a nurse. There are many opportunities for nurses to find rewarding and challenging careers in various settings. If you're considering pursuing a career in nursing, be sure to explore all the options available.

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