Sunday, April 20, 2008

Circumcision Primer For Christians

I have posted on this topic before (including some of the following info)...but it just completely breaks my heart when often-well-meaning parents allow their babies to be genitally mutilated without knowing the first thing about the procedure, the consequences, the complete lack of purpose for performing such a horror on a tiny human being, the later adult repercussions, and the purpose/function of the body organ they are having severed forever. There is NO reason to do this to a newborn baby - especially not by those who adhere to a Christ-like, loving respect for human life.


(This entry is a compilation from various sources - authors unknown)


It is ABSOLUTELY NECESSARY for parents to FULLY inform themselves of what circumcision is - the organs it removes from another human being without their consent - and the way in which these organs are painfully, and scarringly severed from the body. If you cannot easily watch circumcisions being performed on another infant child, WHY SHOULD YOUR newborn suffer this damage and abuse just because you are not in the room when it occurs??

And if your boy grows up and really "wants to be like dad" -- he can choose to be circumcised at a time when he is able to be fully anesthetized for the procedure. Speaking with other adult men who DID get circumcised for one reason or another when they were over the age of 16, ALL of them have said they would never circ their sons. Never.


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As a mother in the early 1990's, the choice to circumcise my newborn son was made like most other teen mothers- blindly. The hospital nurse came in, told me the procedure needed done to keep my son healthy and to sign the paper. Without knowledge of what I was agreeing to put my new baby through, I signed, believing that I was doing what every loving parent did. As I was not Jewish but Christian raised, circumcision was not a choice to be made through religion.

Over a decade later, I still remember how my son looked when I saw him afterwards. His eyes, previously peaceful and dreamy, now was wet and wild with terror. I didn't understand it. I was told that the baby didn't really feel much pain during the circumcision. I was told the pain that was felt would be instantly forgotten a couple moments after the surgery was done. I was told a lot of things by nurses and family except the things that I had needed to know.

Without resistance, thousands of parents for several decades followed what medical authority recommended. However, there might have been considerable less parents choice circumcision if the facts were made public knowledge:

Circumcision is NOT a necessary surgery to keep boys healthy.
Circumcision DOES inflict major pain on the baby.
Anesthesia is not used, and when it rarely is used, the medicine does not provide enough relief and can cause death.
The newborn baby will be strapped down, will tremble, wail, vomit and hold his breathe from the surgery. Many boys go unconscious during the infliction.

Due to these terrible truths, many mothers are now suffering guilt over what they allowed to be done to their sons. Unfortunately, there is another truth that many don't realize. The truth about circumcision within Christianity.

Circumcision in the beginning was not the removal of the foreskin, but a small cut of the foreskin. Modern day circumcision was integrated into U.S. society as a "cure" for masturbation in the late 19th century.
Jewish circumcision started about 2,000 years before Jesus came. This was so the people would understand the purpose of the Old Covenant before the New Covenant came into being. When Jesus came, he was circumcised and it was the beginning of his sacrifice.

After Jesus fulfilled the Old Covenant, the New Covenant became the law for Christians. The time of Jewish circumcision and animal sacrifices was ended. Circumcision of a male child born in the New Covenant is blasphemous and macabre torture.

There is many passages in the Bible that explains God's stance on circumcision. The following is the most relevant to today's society.

Colossians 2: 8-11 Beware lest any man spoil you through philosophy and vain deceit, after the tradition of men, after the rudiments of the world, and not after the Christ. For in him dwelleth all the fulness of the Godhead bodily. And ye are complete in him, which is the head of all principality and power: In whom also ye are circumcised with the circumcision made without hands, in putting off the body of the sins of the flesh by the circumcision of Christ:
Rom. 3:29-30 Is God the God of Jews only? Is He not the God of Gentiles, also? Yes, of Gentiles also. Since the God who will justify those of the circumcision out of faith, and those of the uncircumcision through faith, is One.
Gal. 3:13 Christ redeemed us from the curse of the Law, having become a curse for us.
Matt.9:13 I desire mercy and not sacrifice.

God abhorred the ancient circumcision but used it as a tool, and he most assuredly abhors the mutilation of modern circumcision.

There is nothing that parents who have chosen to circumcise in the past can do now. That is, except tell others about the grisly details of circumcision and broadcast the truth about God's position on circumcision. Circumcision is a heinous act, and not to circumcise is a religious one.

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Jesus was born Jewish. Jesus himself was against circumcision.

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Jesus was under the old law. He sacrificed so that we would no longer have to do it. We have baptism in place of circ.

When Jesus died on the cross to save us, he abolished the old laws and started a new. He did away with circumcision and instead we have baptism (Colossians 2:8-12)

1 Corinthians 7:18-19
"Was a man already circumcised when he was called? He should not become uncircumcised. Was a man uncircumcised when he was called, he should not be circumcised. Circumcision is nothing and uncircumcision is nothing, keeping G-d's commands is what counts."

Galations, chapter 5
2: Now I, Paul, say to you that if you receive circumcision, Christ will be of no advantage to you.
3: I testify again to every man who receives circumcision that he is bound to keep the whole law.
4: You are severed from Christ, you who would be justified by the law; you have fallen away from grace.
5: For through the Spirit, by faith, we wait for the hope of righteousness.
6: For in Christ Jesus neither circumcision nor uncircumcision is of any avail, but faith working through love.

Galatians 6:12-16 ...It is those who are trying to compel you to have yourselves circumcised, only that they may not be persecuted for the cross of Christ. Not even those having themselves circumcised observe the law themselves; they only want you to be circumcised so that they may boast of your flesh...

Romans 2:25-29 Circumcision , to be sure, has value if you observe the law; but if you break the law, your circumcision has become uncircumcision....One is not a Jew outwardly. True circumcision is of the heart, in the spirit, not the letter; his praise is not from human beings but from G-d

Philippians 3:2-3 ...Beware of the mutiliation! For we are the circumcision, we who worship through the Spirit of G-d...
(Thanks Bonzai!)

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In the Gospel of John (7:22), Jesus spoke at The Feast of Tabernacles and spoke against circumcision. He said "This is not the doctorine of he who sent me . . . it is of the fathers. What it appears Jesus was talking about is that it appears circumcision was not a covenant between God and Abraham. The early writings of The Old Testament were kept in The Temple that burned about 800BC -500BC. However, some remnants of the original writings survive today and one of those remnants is the part about The Covenant of Circumcision and those remnants contain no mention of circumcision. It appears that Jesus was aware of this and was saying that God didn't command circumcision but that actually it was included when the original writings were re-constructed from the remnants and memory.

This sounds about right. It is well established that the priests of Egypt practiced circumcision thousands of years before the time of Abraham. The priests were the elite of that society and it appears that the early Jews adopted circumcision in emulation of the powerful and influential Egyptian priests much like young people have adopted tattoos in emulation of popular music groups.
(Thanks Frank!)

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MORE INFORMATION

http://www.jewsagainstcircumcision.org/

http://www.muslimsagainstcircumcision.org/

http://catholicsagainstcircumcision.org/

Natural Penis- Easy to clean
http://www.mothersagainstcirc.org/easy.htm

A short history of circumcision
http://www.sexuallymutilatedchild.org/shorthis.htm

UTI's Rarely caused by foreskin
http://www.mothersagainstcirc.org/uti.htm

Circumcision Cuts Penis Sensitivity
http://www.nocirc.org/touch-test/touchtest.php

Observe a Circumcision Before You Decide
http://www.mothersagainstcirc.org/video.htm

Circumcision study halted due to trauma
http://www.cnn.com/HEALTH/9712/23/circumcision.anesthetic/

What Happens During Circumcision?
http://www.cirp.org/library/procedure/plastibell/

http://www.mothersagainstcirc.org/

Friday, April 18, 2008

Natural Foreskin Retraction in Intact Children and Teens

Guidance for healthcare providers by Doctors Opposing Circumcision

Photo by David Burnett.

Introduction.

There is much uncertainty among health care workers about when the foreskin of a boy should become retractable.1 This has caused many false diagnoses of phimosis, followed by unnecessary circumcision, when, in fact, the foreskin is developmentally normal.

History. 

The first data on development of retractile foreskin were provided in 1949 by the famous British paediatrician, Douglas Gairdner. (2) His data have been incorporated into many textbooks and still is repeated in the medical literature today. Gairdner said that 80 percent of boys should have a retractable foreskin by the age of two years, and 90 percent of boys should have a retractable prepuce by the age of three years. (2) Unfortunately, Gairdner’s data are inaccurate, (3-4) so most healthcare providers have been taught inaccurate data. (4) Retractability usually occurs much later than previously believed. (3) This page provides accurate data, derived from newer and better studies, for healthcare providers.

Current View.

Almost all boys are born with the foreskin fused with the underlying glans penis. Most also have a narrow foreskin that cannot retract. Non-retractile foreskin is normal at birth and remains common until after puberty (age 18). Some boys develop retractile foreskin earlier, and about 2 percent of males have a non-retractile foreskin throughout life. Non-retractile foreskin is not a disease and does not require treatment.

There are three possible conditions that cause non-retractile foreskin:

  • Fusion of the foreskin with the glans penis
  • Tightness of the foreskin orifice
  • Frenulum breve (which is rare and cannot be diagnosed until the previous two reasons have been eliminated)

The first two reasons are normal in childhood and are not pathological in children. The third can be treated conservatively, retaining the foreskin.

Infants and pre-school. 

Kayaba et al. (1996) reported that before six months of age, no boy had a retractable prepuce; 16.5 percent of boys aged 3-4 had a fully retractable prepuce. (5) Imamura (1997) examined 4521 infants and young boys. He re-ported that the foreskin is retractile in 3 percent of infants aged one to three months, 19.9 percent of those aged ten to twelve months, and 38.4 percent of three-year-old boys. (6) Ishikawa & Kawakita (2004) reported no retractability at age one, (but increasing to 77 percent at age 11-15). (7) Non-retractile foreskin is the more common condition in this age group. Compare these data with Gairdner’s data!


Øster graph
Percentage of boys with fused foreskin by age according to Øster

School-age and adolescence. 

Jakob Øster, a Danish physician who conducted school examinations, reported his findings on the examination of school-boys in Denmark, where circumcision is rare.8 Øster (1968) found that the incidence of fusion of the foreskin with the glans penis steadily declines with increasing age and foreskin retractability increases with age.8 Kayaba et al. (1996) also investigated the development of foreskin retraction in boys from age 0 to age 15.5 Kayaba et al. also reported increasing retractability with increasing age. Kayaba et al. reported that about only 42 percent of boys aged 8-10 have fully retractile foreskin, but the percentage increases to 62.9 percent in boys aged 11-15.5 Imamura (1997) reported that 77 percent of boys aged 11-15 had retractile foreskin. (6) Thorvaldsen & Meyhoff (2005) conducted a survey of 4000 young men in Denmark. (9) They report that the mean age of first foreskin retraction is 10.4 years in Denmark. (9) Non-retractile foreskin is the more common condition until about 10-11 years of age.

Kayaba graph
Percentage of boys with tight ring totally non-retractile foreskin according to Kayaba et al.

Discussion. 

Boys usually are born with a non-retractile foreskin. The foreskin gradually becomes retractable over a variable period of time ranging from birth to 18 years or more. (8,9) There is no “right” age for the foreskin to become retractable. Non-retractile foreskin does not threaten health in childhood and no intervention is necessary. Many boys only develop a retractable foreskin after puberty. Education of concerned parents usually is the only action required. (10)

Avoidance of premature retraction. 

Care-givers and healthcare providers must be careful to avoid premature retraction of the foreskin, which is contrary to medical recommendations, painful, traumatic, tears the attachment points (synechiae), may cause infection, is likely to generate medico-legal problems, and may cause paraphimosis, with the tight foreskin acting like a tourniquet. The first person to retract the boy’s foreskin should be the boy himself. (3)

Making the foreskin retractable. 

Occasionally a male reaches adulthood with a non-retractile foreskin. Some men with a non-retractile foreskin happily go through life and father children. Other men, however, may want to make their foreskin retractile.

The foreskin can be made retractable by:

  • Manual stretching (11-12) 
  • Application of topical steroid ointment (13-14)

Male circumcision is outmoded as a treatment for non-retractile foreskin, but it is still recommended by many urologists because of lack of adequate information, and perhaps because of the fees associated with circumcision. Nevertheless, circumcision should be avoided because of pain, trauma, cost, (15,16) complications, (15) difficult recovery, permanent injury to the appearance of the penis, loss of pleasurable erogenous sensation, (17) and impairment of erectile and ejaculatory functions. (18-20)

A website exists here where knowledable individuals give free advice to adults and teens on stretching one's foreskin to make it retractble.

References:
  1. Simpson ET, Barraclough P. The management of the paediatric foreskin. Aust Fam Physician 1998;27(5):381-3. [Full Text]
  2. Gairdner D. The fate of the foreskin: a study of circumcision. Br Med J 1949;2:1433-7. [Full Text]
  3. Wright JE. Further to the "Further Fate of the Foreskin." Med J Aust 1994;160:134-5. [Full Text]
  4. Hill G. Circumcision for phimosis and other medical indications in Western Australian boys. Med J Aust 2003;178(11):587. [Full Text]
  5. Kayaba H, Tamura H, Kitajima S, et al. Analysis of shape and retractability of the prepuce in 603 Japanese boys. J Urol 1996;156(5):1813-5. [Full Text]
  6. Imamura E. Phimosis of infants and young children in Japan. Acta Paediatr Jpn 1997;39(4):403-5. [Abstract]
  7. Ishikawa E, Kawakita M. [Preputial development in Japanese boys]. Hinyokika Kiyo 2004;50(5):305-8. [Abstract]
  8. Øster J. Further fate of the foreskin: incidence of preputial adhesions, phimosis, and smegma among Danish schoolboys. Arch Dis Child 1968;43:200-3. [Full Text]
  9. Thorvaldsen MA, Meyhoff H. Patologisk eller fysiologisk fimose? Ugeskr Læger 2005;167(17):1858-62. [Full Text]
  10. Spilsbury K, Semmens JB, Wisniewski ZS. et al. Circumcision for phimosis and other medical indications in Western Australian boys. Med J Aust 2003 178 (4):155-8. [Full Text]
  11. Dunn HP. Non-surgical management of phimosis. Aust N Z J Surg 1989;59(12):963. [Full Text]
  12. Beaugé M. The causes of adolescent phimosis. Br J Sex Med 1997; Sept/Oct: 26. [Full Text]
  13. Orsola A, Caffaratti J, Garat JM. Conservative treatment of phimosis in children using a topical steroid. Urology 2000;56(2):307-10. [Full Text]
  14. Ashfield JE, Nickel KR, Siemens DR, et al. Treatment of phimosis with topical steroids in 194 children. J Urol 2003;169(3):1106-8. [Abstract]
  15. Van Howe RS. Cost-effective treatment of phimosis. Pediatrics 1998; 102(4)/e43. [Full Text]
  16. Berdeu D, Sauze L, Ha-Vinh P. Blum-Boisgard C. Cost-effectiveness analysis of treatments for phimosis: a comparison of surgical and medicinal approaches and their economic effect. BJU Int2001;87(3):239-44. [Full Text]
  17. Williams N, Kapila L. Complications of circumcision. Brit J Surg 1993;80:1231-6. [Full Text]
  18. Denniston GC, Hill G. Circumcision in adults: effect on sexual function. Urology 2004;64(6);1267. [Full Text]
  19. Shen Z, Chen S, Zhu C, et al. [Erectile function evaluation after adult circumcision]. Zhonghua Nan Ke Xue 2004;10(1):18-9. [Abstract]
  20. Masood S, Patel HRH, Himpson RC, et al. Penile sensitivity and sexual satisfaction after circumcision: Are we informing men correctly? Urol Int 2005;75(1):62-5. [Full Text]

Related Reading on Intact Care: 



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Tuesday, April 15, 2008

The Cruelest Cut : Circumcision : Fox News Report


This report briefly mentions why Americans started circumcising -- learn more at:
http://www. noharmm. org/docswords. htm

The report also briefly mentions the implications circumcision has on adult men's sexuality. "The doctors said that Viagra is the medical profession's apology for circumcision..."

The U.S. is the only country that circumcises for no medical or religious reason. "As soon as all insurance companies in the U.S. stop paying for this harmful procedure, doctor's will stop doing it."

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